Temagami’s Lady Evelyn River From Top to Bottom: Day 6 – From Below the Forks to Macpherson Lake

Previous Post: Day 5 – From Florence Lake To The Forks (And A Bit Beyond)

Day 6 – To Macpherson Lake

The Lady Evelyn River – From the Forks To Macpherson Lake

  • distance: 9.1 km
  • time: 9:30 a.m to 3:50 p.m.
  • portages/rapids:  6/6 – lined 3?
  • Note: Rapid #s taken from Wilson’s essential Temagami guidebook – see here
  • weather: some sunny moments but mostly cloudy and overcast, cool
  • campsite: island, reasonably sheltered, room for a 2-3  x 2/3p tent plus perhaps 1 or 2 x 4p tents.

We left our campsite on the point by the falls around 9:20.   After we put in on the other side of the 40-meter portage, we figured that this day would be spent dealing with ten sets of rapids/portages.

Our goal was not very ambitious; the Shangri-La campsite just above Katherine Lake sounded like a nice spot to spend some time. If we felt really keen the next morning the thought was to portage up into Dry Lake and paddle to the viewpoint on the SW corner of the lake. But all that was in the future – first up, the set of rapids around the corner from our campsite!

We had decided to line and run this one (option 3), thus avoiding the portage, which would have required paddling over to river left and then taking the side trail (2) to join the main one.

a view of the bottom of the falls that the river right 40-m portage goes around

another view from below the falls  – CS on RR

After our put-in at the bottom of the falls,  it took us about 25 minutes to get to the bottom of the next set of rapids (labeled Rapid #3 on the Wilson map below and given the nickname CII Subway).  Slipping into some swifts we were soon down to the stretch of the river to the top of Rapids #3 where it closes in for about 70 meters. This time the line/run option turned out to be the right one.

Next, we were faced with a dry bouldery river bed on both sides of a river with not enough water to line the canoe.  The panorama and satellite images below give you an idea of the scene.

an iPhone SE panorama of  a Lady Evelyn bouldery set of rapids

In the sat image below – taken when the water level was somewhat higher – you can see the boulder-lined shore above the rapids labeled #4 in Wilson’s Temagami guidebook. We ended up carrying gear and canoe for about 100 meters over the bouldery shore on river right to get around the worst of it. Wilson describes Rapid #4 as a Technical CII and gives it the name Out of Sight.


Once below Rapids #4, we were in the water pictured in the image below.  On river left just below the end of it is a campsite. It was an easy float down to the next set of rapids – #5 in the Wilson count. He rated it a CI – top only! and gave it the name Noway!

looking back towards the field of dry river bed section from the small lake below Rapids #4

We lined our way down  the rapids on river right  though there is also a 125-meter portage trail on the same side that we did not see. The image below is a look back up those rapids as we paddled away.

at the bottom of Rapids #5 on the Lady Evelyn below the Forks

Coming right up –  Rapid #6.  Wilson includes the note “Technical C1 Curveball”. We were three sets of rapids from Macpherson Lake.

Lady Evelyn River -Rapids – satellite view

We were happy to float right through this one in less than a minute, thus eliminating the effort that lining or the portage on river right (a 125-meter carry) would have required. No retrospective photo of the bottom ledge that we had scraped over!

“Two to go – let’s git ‘er dun!” We figured we’d stop for lunch on Macpherson before pushing on to Shangri-La.

Chutes – DO NOT RUN!  P RR 155m

We were a bit fuzzy on the next one, not really having given the trip notes enough of a read beforehand. We were moving along nicely and passed through some swifts as we rounded the slight bend.  That’s when we saw – coming up too soon! – a narrowing boulder-strewn channel with a visible drop! From our middle-of-the-river position, we made a clumsy move to river right, grazing a boulder in a bad attempt to slip into what looked like a floatable bit of water down.  Given how bouldery the whole thing was we were kidding ourselves.

Chute on the Lady Evelyn above Macpherson Lake

Note: there is a 150-meter portage trail on river right!  We should have gotten out and taken a look before proceeding.

Rapids/Falls #6 below the Forks – one up from the Machpeerson Chutes

Seconds later we were standing in waist-high water below the falls, our canoe having tipped and taken on water, and the dislodged packs  floating down on river left. Whoa! An invigorating cold shower that forces you to take stock and think fast! We had paid the price for our sloppy approach and decision to just float down without first scouting.

With the canoe emptied of water and floating again, we had an immediate problem. No paddles! I snapped part of a skinny pine trunk into a 1-meter paddle; Max eyed another one and set about sawing it off.

Now armed with a couple of “paddles” we set off downriver to collect our packs and duffels. The photo above has them floating on river left. Within ten minutes we had amazingly recouped them all. While the two Hooligan packs (essentially the Made In China version of the Ostrom Wabakimi packs) had taken on water, the inside liner bags had done their job. Given their 18 to 20 kilogram weight we were just glad they had not sunk! The two duffels were also retrieved – and so was one paddle that we found floating nearby.  Things were definitely looking up.

I took the following shot as we paddled back up the rapids in search of a paddle or two!  After we had gotten all the bags back in the canoe, we paddled up the shore on river right. When we couldn’t go any further, I hopped out and walked up closer to the falls looking for our two missing paddles. A gleam on a short straight piece of something yellow/brown in the pool below the falls on the other side of the river had me thinking it was one of our paddles sticking out.

We were now on our way back to get it!

a view from below the rapids:mini-falls we capsized in

It turns out that it hadn’t been the paddle after all, just the sun catching a barkless tree branch. You can see it just below Max’s boots. However, right there not far from what had drawn my eye was a paddle. And stuck in the middle of the falls up top was the other one!

our paddles in the rapids above Macpherson Lake

Now that we had two paddles again, we continued downriver, thankful to have escaped mostly unscathed, even if a bit wet, from our dumb lapse in judgment. Except for our third paddle – which we perhaps should have made an effort to retrieve – we hadn’t lost anything. Even the map case, its yellow top peeking 6 cm. out of the water was spotted and scooped up.

It is funny how, in spite of paddling a few thousand kilometers, it is the capsizes you remember most vividly! Our last major dunk had been on the Bloodvein River some six years before.  It was almost forty years ago but I can still hear Cyril’s laugh as we tanked that 17′ Grumman going down Graveyard Rapids on the Spanish River.

No more pix this day after we left our dunking scene!


The Jennings Run the DO NOT RUN Chutes!

Not long after this report got uploaded,  I came across the Jennings’ Explore The Backcountry video of their short loop trip on the upper Lady Evelyn and into Makobe Lake.  Titled Paddling The Burnt Lands: Temagami’s Lady Evelyn-Smoothwater Sufferfest,  the pro-quality video included some footage of them running various rapids from Gamble lake on down to Macpherson Lake.

Here is what popped up on the screen at the 11:24 mark!

Click on the image to access the Youtube link.

While it is the same set of falls,  there are some differences to be noted!

  • they scouted the falls before they went down (always a good idea!)
  • they portaged their gear first before running it with an empty canoe
  • they had late-June water volume instead of our mid-September 
  • the hour-plus that we spent retrieving the gear they spent scouting, portaging, and setting up the on-shore cameras to get additional dramatic footage to go along with the canoe’s Gopro!

The videos that these two put together of their canoe trips are always top-notch: well-edited with on-point narrative as well as clips that clearly take some time to set up. The occasional use of drone footage adds an extra dimension.  Check out their Youtube channel for some great trip ideas.  Meanwhile, I still forget that cameras these days – unlike my 1980s Nikon F3HP – can shoot video!


We did the river right Macpherson Chutes portage and then kept on paddling.  Macpherson is a long narrow lake, a little under four kilometers from top to bottom. Now we were in campsite search mode; we wanted to take advantage of the mid-afternoon wind and let our stuff dry out a bit.

After scanning the river left shore for something, we referred to the Chrismar map and turned back to the island CS indicated. We found there an okay site that even had a thunderbox. As with all the other official sites we had so far used, this was was very tidy. Props to those who stayed there before us and the Park crew who may have come through on a clean-up run!

Next Post: Day 7 – From Macpherson Lake To Bridal Veil Falls



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Temagami’s Lady Evelyn River From Top to Bottom: Day 5 – From Florence Lake To The Forks

Previous Post: Day 4 – On Florence Lake

Day 5 – From Florence Lake to The Forks and a Bit Beyond

  • distance: 32.2 km
  • time: 8:55 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
  • hunting grounds:  those of Misabi in the mid-to-late1800s thanks to his marriage to Ke’kek’s daughter. 
  • portages/rapids: 1/1 – 320m  – a few logs and at least 3 beaver dams
  • weather: cool but mostly sun with a bit of cloud;  our nicest day so far
  • campsite: just off the trail on the short 30 m carry across P2 on the LE main branch (see the map at the end of the post for more detail)
  • maps: Ottertooth Florence Lake; NRC 1:50.000 topo 041 P 07  Smoothwater Lake; 041 P 02  Pilgrim Creek; 041 P 08 Lady Evelyn Lake.

We were up early and ready to shift back into paddling mode after a rest day where the only thing we did was climb up to the viewpoint 80 meters above the lake on the sloped rock outcrop to the south of our campsite.  An early morning mist hung over the lake as we looked east at the sun which was just beginning to emerge.

looking southeast from our Florence Lake campsite at dawn

A better day weather-wise day seemed to be in the cards – a nice change from the mostly overcast and cool conditions we had up to then.  The goal for the day was The Forks, the point where the two branches of the Lady Evelyn meet. It would mean about 30 kilometers of paddling.

west side Florence Lake campsite looking NE to Table Rock campsite

Checking Out The Possible Ancient Sacred Site:

Poulnabrone dolmen – County Clare, Ireland

We looked over to the other side of the lake and a campsite with the name Table Rock. The Ottertooth map in map case noted that at the campsite we’d find –

“a dolmen sitting on several small rocks. Possible ancient sacred site with mystery around how or why positioned.”   

Sounded promising!  A dolmen –  defined as a megalithic tomb with a large flat stone laid on upright ones, found chiefly in Britain and France.  I had seen some dolmen structures in Ireland and had them in my mind as we left our campsite, intrigued that something similarly impressive might be seen on this very lake! 

dolmen image from Bill Steer article

Quetico dolmen image from Bill Steer article

There is a 2014 Bill Steer (aka Backroads Bill) article on dolmen stones in northern Ontario. See here for the article, which begins with an image of a dolmen from Israel that actually looks like a dolmen and then shifts to three examples from northwestern Ontario.  The images of two of them both show three smaller stones elevating the much bigger one so that it is sitting about 10 to 20 centimeters above the rock outcrop.

“Table Rock” campsite on Florence Lake

Once at the campsite – an okay fair-weather site that is quite exposed to the wind and without a really flat spot to pitch a 4-P tent – we weren’t seeing anything that looked like a dolmen. The mystery continued for a minute or so – and then we realized that the 1.5m chunk of rectangular rock with a couple of small rocks slightly propping up one end was what we were looking for! To describe it as even a humble example of a dolmen would be really pushing it!  

A more probable explanation – a party of four bored campers or maybe a group from one of Lake Temagami’s summer camps had one afternoon pried the rectangular rock chunk up and shoved a couple of smaller stones underneath to level its top and create a flatter area for their cooking utensils or plates – hence “Table Rock”. 

Table Rock – Florence Lake – see here for a view of the stones placed underneath

No offence to the few pre-European contact Anishinaabe-speaking families whose hunting grounds this may have been over the centuries in fall and winter,  but you have to wonder about the fantasy-prone individual  (almost certainly not Indigenous) who was able to create a bogus “ancient sacred site” out of this rock and then postulate about why it was pointed in the direction it was!  The Ottertooth map note just perpetuates the silliness. 

From Table Rock we looked west towards our campsite of the two previous nights; it had been a good one but we were happy to be on the move again. Max was feeling much better than he had been a couple of days before.  

looking back at our Florence Lake west side CS from Table Rock CS

As we paddled north to the lake’s outlet – the Florence River – we came again to the collapsed cabin and got a few more shots. This time the photos had blue sky in them! [See Day 3 post for more cabin pix!]

the derelict cabin -“Good Tent” – on Florence Lake

The cabin was built in the mid-1950s (says the note on the Ottertooth map); 65 years on it was in a state of terminal decline. No doubt it served as a good tent during its prime.

Florence Lake cabin nameplate -Good Tent

Down the Florence River we went (no current), past the mediocre campsite at the north end of the lake, and not quite close enough to the one and only moose we saw during our ten-days out –  and then back on the Lady Evelyn’s South Branch. The water level was fairly shallow here – maybe 1 1/2 to 2 feet deep. Half-paddles were all we could do!

As noted already, there were lilies up the mouth of the river and above and below the confluence all the way down to Duff Lake.  Progress this day came easier once we got beyond the lily pond. We stuck with the South Branch right to the Forks.  We were enjoying our first blue sky and sunshine day of the trip

the south branch Lady Evelyn near Florence River junction lily pond

Two kilometers north of Duff Lake – about halfway down Jack’s Lake – is a campsite marked on both the Ottertooth and Chrismar maps.

It is on river right on the flat top of a sloped rock outcrop and there are multiple tent site possibilities, some nicely sheltered. A fire pit and – in the bush behind the site – a toilet box complete the site.  The views from the elevated spot are great – definitely a decent place to stop. And yet again,  no litter, no mess to be found!

The one set of rapids on the south branch below the Florence Lake outlet is at White Rock Rapids (named Cedar Rapids in the Wilson guidebook), a short 40-meter Class 1 stretch that is easily run; it can also be lined or walked down.  

White Rock Rapids Lady Evelyn South Branch with swifts above

approaching White Rock rapids on the Lady Evelyn’s south branch

 Just below this set of rapids is another campsite. We found room for multiple tents, and while no spot was especially flat,  it would still make a good spot to stop for the night.  The usual fire pit, a toilet box at the end of a signed trail,  a very nice view of the fall colours to the south … maybe a B grade for this one!

There are a couple of “shortcuts” or “bypasses” that you can take to eliminate some Lady Evelyn south branch paddling – 

  1. Just below White Rock rapids – and to the left of the campsite indicated above –  is a 420-meter portage into Dees Lake and then at its north end, a longer 1000-meter carry that gets you to the north branch of the river a kilometer and a bit up from the Forks. This option makes the most sense for someone coming down the North Branch from Gamble Lake who is headed to Florence Lake or the Sturgeon River.
  2. About 3 kilometers upriver from the Forks, there is a 175-meter portage that takes you from the south branch into a puddle named Shortcut Lake at the north end of which another 55-meter carry gets you into the Lady Evelyn’s Main channel. You would not only be below the Forks; you would also be downriver from the first portage below the Forks.  

See the Ottertooth Florence Lake map to get a better idea of these two options. 

a touch of fall colour on the lower stretch of the Lady Evelyn’s South Branch

Having started off on the south branch’s headwaters on Apex or Whitemud Lake, there was no way we would abandon it three kilometers before The Forks! While we did find two or three beaver dams and some deadfall stretched across the river in the final stretch after White Rock rapids, they were easily dealt with. A bonus on the last 5 km. was a just noticeable current that added a 1km/hr. zip to our speed! We enjoyed our trip on the lower half of the south branch – scenic, small river stress-free paddling…a nice way to spend a day!

My mind creates expectations as I plan my trip route down a never-before-seen river. The Forks was a spot that took on special significance since it was the end of the South Branch as well as where it merged with the North Branch coming from near Beauty Lake.  With past river junctions in mind – maybe the dramatic Bloodvein-Gammon, I pictured

just below the Bloodvein/Gammon Junction

  1. cliffs,
  2. some sloped rock outcrop, and
  3. a decent campsite on one of its corners.

A quick glance at the topo map confirmed what the video below indicates –  I struck out!  Still, it was great to be at The Forks of the Lady Evelyn! 


Lady Evelyn River’s Main Channel – the stretch from The Forks to Katherine Lake, where it divides again

We were now on the Main Channel – i.e. the stretch from the Forks to the bottom of Katherine Lake.  As we rounded the corner we encountered the first person we had met since the paddlers on Smoothwater Lake.  Under the impression that there was a roomy campsite on river right just below the Forks, I stepped ashore for a quick look, finding his tent and little room for anything else. [The site I was actually thinking of was one mentioned by Wilson and on the other side of the river. It has room for multiple tents.]

Back on the river a few meters down from the campsite we came to a log crossing the river with just enough room underneath for each of us to step over, push down our end of the canoe to squeeze it under and then hop back in.  


Note: A bit of confusion here.  The Chrismar map indicates a 320-meter portage starting at the campsite we had just taken a look at. Then it has an identical 320-meter portage correctly placed 1 km. downriver. 

It looks like the same portage has been put in two places! Neither the Hap Wilson guidebook (see here for a version) nor an Ottertooth map has a portage just below the Forks where the Chrismar map has placed one.  


After our log step-over (see here for a pic of Max in action on another occasion), we headed down one kilometer to the first set of rapids – a Class 2 – and the 320-meter-or-so portage around them on river right, which took us 45 minutes to get done.

a view of the top of the first set of Rapids below the Forks of the Lady Evelyn

By now it was 4:45 and we were looking to end the day; both the Chrismar and Hap Wilson maps show a campsite 1.5 km. down from our put-in on river right.  The site sits just off the short portage trail across the point. That was going to be it.

CS05 (the campsite on the right side of the map above)  is where Day 5 ended, 32 kilometers downriver from the Florence Lake CS we had left eight hours before.  

It had been a nice easy day on the river – but we knew the next day would be more work as we had to deal with close to a dozen sets of rapids and portages. 

Lady Evelyn CS below the Forks – Day 5

Our campsite sat right off the 40-meter portage trail but we weren’t expecting any traffic at the end of the day and figured that we’d be gone the next morning before anyone wearing a canoe came by.  While we were happy to find it given the time (almost 5 p.m.) the site is rather nondescript but serviceable; it has a toilet box nearby and there is room for a couple of tents.   We’d give it a C; it does the job.  

We had a decision to make that night – would we paddle across the river to the left bank and do the portage or would we line and float our way down the river? 

Next Post: Day 6 – Down  To Macpherson Lake

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Temagami’s Lady Evelyn River From Top to Bottom: Day 4 – On Florence Lake

Previous Post: Day 3- From Our “It’ll Have To Do’  Lady Evelyn South Branch CS To Florence Lake

We spent a couple of nights at our Florence Lake campsite.  Max had come down with some ailment the previous day, the day with the portages on the stretch of the south branch of the Lady Evelyn above the Florence River confluence.  The 24-hour flu (if that is what it was)  had left him weakened and chilled. He ate little and slept a lot as he stayed warm inside the tent and his sleeping bag.

Meanwhile, I rambled around the almost-island taking macro pix of mushrooms and other fungi, hoping to fill my viewfinder with that blue mushroom- the lactarius indigo – my wife had asked me to look for.

See here for the image source. Also, see here for a Wikipedia article on this colourful denizen of the forest floor.

The thought did enter my mind that the mushroom was a Photoshop creation and that my wife,  figuring I needed something other than pictographs to obsess about, had come up with the idea of sending me on a quest for a not-yet-revealed-to-mere-mortals blue mushroom!

Florence Lake scenic viewpoint – map to access

On our second afternoon on the lake, we followed the shore for one kilometer south of our campsite on the point, looking for signs to the start of a possible bushwhack trail that would take us to a scenic lookout above the lake.  We figured we might see a strip of prospector’s tape or other sign of human presence to indicate a route up.  However, we were not expecting to see this –

the trail marker at the start of the Florence Lake scenic viewpoint

A blue trail marker told us we were in the right place!  We pulled the canoe ashore and up into the bush and looked up to what was clearly a trail – somewhat rough but still much more than a bushwhack!

the Florence Lake trail – the first thirty meters

Whoever made the path did not attempt to create a switchback trail – after all,  this is not a local Peruvian or Nepalese pathway used by yaks and donkeys to move food and supplies over difficult terrain. This rough path goes straight up!

One great thing about a signed path is that it keeps the impact of people tromping up and down the hillside to a narrow corridor instead of having everyone ad-libbing their own way.

the Florence Lake scenic lookout trail – straight up!

The reward for a bit of huffing and puffing?  The view! Mind you, at about 440 m a.s.l. you’re not at the very top and if you were the view might well be zero given the dense pine forest you’d be standing in!

The viewpoint is about  100 meters lower than the actual top and 80 meters above the lake itself. This is what we saw on an overcast day punctuated with the occasional bit of drizzle. Adobe Lightroom’s “photomerge” feature stitched together three images I snapped to create a panorama of the south end of Florence Lake as we looked east from our vantage point –

a panoramic view from the Florence Lake viewpoint

We looked around for yet another blue trail indicator leading further up but did not see anything. We assumed that we had reached the viewpoint – and indeed it was a nice spot to be. Had the weather been better and the sloped rock and the lichen not been wet and very slippery and unstable, we may have stayed up a bit longer. We scampered across a short stretch of the sloped rock outcrop and then headed back to where we thought we had come up out of the trees.

another image of the view from Florence Lake lookout

a view of our campsite on the almost-island on Florence Lake

Forty-five minutes later we were back down at the canoe, having gotten lost on the initial stretch on the way down.


  • put a visible marker on the last tree you come to on the bottom edge of the rock face so that you can easily find it – and the trail! – on your way down!
  • Max skinned three fingertips while we scampered across the wet sloped rock face. It bothered him for days afterwards.  A pair of gloves would have been nice! No need for climbing rope!

As we paddled back to our campsite, we looked back for a view of the rock face viewpoint.  This is what we saw –

a view of the rock face of the scenic lookout on Florence lake

The arrow points at the trailhead on the shore; if the sign should for some reason be gone, there is still that flat rock sitting there to serve as a sign! Almost straight above is the rockface that serves as the open lookout point.

a view of our tucked-in tent site on Florence Lake – the point is to the right

We took it easy for the rest of the day; Max was starting to feel better and we had supper under the tarp.  In the early evening, something amazing happened – the sun came out! We were seeing the lake in a new light and it looked incredible. Blue everywhere!

blue sky on Florence Lake after days of overcast and dreary weather

Okay, so it wasn’t the blue mushroom I was looking for – but what a sight! We hoped for more clear skies and sunshine the next day!

blue sky over Florence Lake

In early September it is all but dark by 8:00 p.m. so we made sure we walked our food bags a fair distance away (50 m or so) from our tent before dark came.  Nighttime temperatures were usually below 10ºC during our week and a half out; this meant we were often in the tent shortly after 8!  With overcast skies most days there was usually nothing to look up to.

Possible Confusion About the Florence Lake Lookout Trail – There is more than one!

Florence Lake scenic viewpoint – different trails

Older sources of information provide paddlers with a few ways of getting to a Florence lake viewpoint.  None of them is the signed trail that we did in September of 2020.

Wilson’s Florence Lake viewpoint trail








The Hap Wilson Temagami guidebook – my 2011 copy is a reprint of the 2004 edition – shows a trail to the north of the campsite on the point. It is headed in the direction of a hilltop at about 540 in altitude.

Ottertooth Map – 2017

Chrismar 2011









The Chrismar Temagami 4 map (I have the 2011 edition) indicates a trail just south of the creek that comes into the lake to the southwest of the campsite on the point. A note on the map says “trail not maintained”. It seems to end up in the same spot – i.e. the exposed rockface – that the signed trail took us to.

The Ottertooth Florence Lake map (2017) also indicates a trail to a viewpoint. Its starting point is about the same as the signed one we found; however, it is much more angled to the south than the signed trail we followed.  The line on the Ottertooth map ends at 530m which I assume is the very top of the hill.

This satellite image of the area reveals the two sloped rock outcrops that the Chrismar map “trail”, our signed trail, and the Ottertooth map “trail” aim for. Of the three, the Ottertooth bushwhack is the longest and the signed trail route is the shortest and easiest.

If you’ve been up the “trail” sketched in the Wilson book, the Chrismar map,  or the Ottertooth map, I’d be interested in your observations.  Feel free to comment below – fellow canoe trippers will benefit from your viewpoint -and your approach to it! – and perhaps be spared some grief. Also, if you have any information about who put in the signed trail – and when – please let me know. It would be nice to give them some acknowledgment!

Florence Lake and F.G. Speck’s Hunting Grounds Map:

According to the map [see here] drawn by F.G. Speck in 1913 at Bear Island In Lake Temagami with the input of community members living around the Hudson Bay Co. post there, the Florence River and Florence Lake were the western borders of Misabi’s hunting grounds in the mid-to-late 1800s.  Only when we paddled north on Willow Island Lake a few days later would we leave his hunting grounds.


[Click on the cover above or the following title to access Speck’s 1915 report.

 Family Hunting Territories and Social Life of Various Algonkian Bands of the Ottawa Valley]

As I mentioned in the introductory post, in 1913 Misabi was still alive and almost 100 years old when Speck visited.  He had come up to Temagami from Georgian Bay – one source says from the Shawanaga area of Georgian Bay – as a young man and, after marrying one of Ke’kek’s daughters, was given 27a as his hunting ground. A generation before this- i.e. around 1800- 1820 – hunting grounds 27a, 27, and 24 were all one hunting ground and belonged to the father of Ke’Kek and Wendaban.

While Ke’kek inherited the lands encompassed by 27 and 27a, Wendaban got the Lady Evelyn Lake area 24.  From their relative sizes, it may be that Wendaban was the younger son.  Apparently, Wendaban married a Nipissing woman and spent many winters (the hunting time) on Lake Nipissing instead of in the Lady Evelyn Lake area. The couple did not have any children.  Speck did not speak with or record the presence of anyone from Wendaban’s hunting ground #24 during his stay.  As for Misabi, he had a cabin at the outlet of Obabika Lake at the top of the Obabika River. Speck recorded five people as living in Misabi’s territory in 1913.

In his Temagami guidebook,  Hap Wilson notes that Florence Lake

“is surrounded by beautiful hills and towering pine – no wonder the Tema Augama preferred this lake as a sanctuary.”

While he is certainly right about the natural beauty of the lake and its surroundings, left unstated is any evidence for the claim that the lake served as a sanctuary. What may have started as Wilson’s easily understandable personal view of the lake thanks to its relative isolation and the effort to get there has perhaps been projected backward in time to become someone else’s special place.  Also left to the reader’s imagination is exactly what kind of “place of refuge or safety” it was? A hiding place from Iroquois invaders?  A spiritual retreat center for shamans and vision questers?

Madeline Katt Theriault was born in Temagami in 1908 and grew up learning to live off the land in an almost-traditional pre-European-contact way.  Her memoir Moose To Mocassins mentions Florence Lake five times but only in the context of a hunting/fishing spot where she notes her husband shot dead a bear and where they easily caught a massive amount of lake trout.  If the lake held some special significance as anything else, she does not mention it.

As for the designation “Teme Augama” sometimes with “Anishinabay” (or some other variation in spelling)  added,  it is not a name that existed in Misabi’s time, having been created in the 1970s during a time of rising Indigenous nationalism.  It refers to non-status as well as status people, Ojibwe or Algonquin, as well as  Metis who currently live in the area. How Misabi would have felt about this broadly-inclusive group making use of Florence Lake – and living off his food sources while there – is an open question.

In the end, it is unlikely that anyone other than Misabi or his immediate relatives would be coming up here. There would be other places to be in the summer months  – and it is not as if the journey to the lake from Obabika Lake or Bear Island on Lake Temagami in September at the start of the hunting season was an easy one.

Perhaps it was proof that Max was back to normal or that the upper stretch of the south branch was about as bad as it was going to get?   Whatever the case, the next day we did over thirty kilometers of easy and enjoyable paddling with very little drama as we got to the Forks and started heading down the combined South and North channels of the Lady Evelyn River to Katherine Lake.

Next Post: Day 5 – From Florence Lake To Just Below The Forks of the Lady Evelyn

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Temagami’s Lady Evelyn River From Top To Bottom: Day 3 – From Our “It’ll Do” Campsite To Florence Lake

Previous Post: Day 2 – The Upper Stretch of the South Branch – Some Work Required!

Day 3 – From Our “It’ll Do” CS To Florence Lake

            • distance: 15.8 km
            • hunting ground – still that of Djakwunigan (of the Kingfisher clan) until the mouth of the Florence River [see map here]. Florence Lake was considered Misabi’s hunting grounds.
            • time: 9:45 a.m. to 3:40 p.m.
            • portages/rapids:  3/4  …  more than a few submerged logs, deadfall, beaver dams as lift-overs … but not as bad as the previous day!
              • P1 –  60m – lined and log under (see pic)
              • P2 –  80m RL
              • P3 –  60m RL
              • P4 – 650m RR
            • weather: cool, overcast and cloudy all day, some rain towards evening
            • campsite: Florence Lake – a point on the west side of the lake
            •  1:50000 NRC Topo Map: 041 P 07_Smoothwater Lake

There had been some rain overnight.  In the morning we took down the tent underneath the tarp we had set up the night before and had breakfast. We set off; for a couple of hundred meters the meandering river becomes quite narrow and the alders on the banks occasionally met in the middle as we paddled our way through the bush!

And then a rare (for the South branch) sloped rock face as we rounded the bend not far from our start point. The day before as it approached 6 p.m. we had stopped for the night and created a makeshift campsite on river right.  Now – 260 meters downriver – we paddled toward a much better spot!

LE-SB “It’ll Do” CS and a definite upgrade 260 meters downriver!

panorama of upper Lady Evelyn south branch from the campsite

Once back home after the trip, I was rereading Hap Wilson’s Temagami canoe tripping guide book and realized that he describes the very site that we came to –

checking out the elevated campsite on the upper stretch of the Lady Evelyn’s south branch

heading back to the canoe after checking out the Lady Evelyn south branch campsite

looking east down the Lady Evelyn’s south branch towards Florence Lake

Back to the canoe, we headed for what would turn out to be the last short meandering stretch of the river; the progress was slow – less than half our usual cruising speed – but it was easy and going down the middle we were able to touch either side of the river with our paddles.

The circle on the map above highlights the last major meander on the upper South Branch;  after that, the river straightens and within a couple of kilometers takes you to some actual rapids and portages.

approaching the last bit of the meandering section before Florence Lake

4 Potential Portages on LE-SB  above the Florence Lake Outlet

The Chrismar map indicates 3 and the Ottertooth map shows 4  portages on the section of the south branch above the Florence River outlet.  I’ve marked the four of them on the NRC Toporama map below.  It is 1.6 km. from the top of P1 to the bottom of P4; we spent less than two hours dealing with all four; the first two we lined and ran; the last two we carried.

LE-SB above Florence River confluence

P1 is meant to avoid a short stretch with a small ledge at the top and then a large log stretching right across the river about .75 m/2.5′ above the water.  We lined down the initial stretch and paddled down to the log and were able to push the canoe under the log while stepping over it. We did not see any evidence of a portage trail at the top and we were happy to have dealt with it so quickly. Higher water in the spring would probably mean that our canoe would not have been able to be squeezed underneath that log.

dealing with potential  P#1 on the upper South Branch of the Lady Evelyn

Not far from this possible portage, the Ottertooth map indicates a campsite on river left.  We did not notice it as we paddled by. Granted,  we were not looking that hard. In planning the route, this campsite had actually been one of the possible endpoints for Day 2.  Our actual progress on Day 2 clearly came short by a couple of hours!

gliding over a beaver dam at the top of P2 on the upper stretch of the Lady Evelyn’s south branch

We spent a little under ten minutes lining and floating down the next 100-meter stretch of river indicated by P2. Max was starting to feel a bit weak – the onset of the 24-hour flu? – so we were glad to have been spared the carry.  As the day progressed his energy level dropped to such an extent that when we got to Florence Lake and got the tent up, he just crawled into his sleeping bag and had a long sleep until the next morning.

the four potential LE – SB portages before Florence Lake

There he is at the start of P3, five minutes down from the end of P2. It would the first of the two portages we actually did this day.  I can’t say why it took us almost a half-hour to do! We may have stopped for a gorp and water break!  Max has a micro tape recorder to make little oral notes of what we are experiencing that we refer to later – but on this day the recorder was tucked away and his focus was just on moving forward!

at the start of P3 on the upper south branch of the Lady Evelyn

According to our GPS track, we spent about 30 minutes dealing with P3 before moving on the last – and the longest at about 600 meters – of the upper south branch’s marked portages.

looking down the Lady Evelyn from the P3 put-in on the upper south branch – P4 comin’ up!

P4 is on river right and takes you around two different sets of rapids with a long stretch of flatwater in between. Earlier in the season, there may be an easy line and run option; we did not check it out.

a small stretch of P4 portage trail on the upper south branch of the Lady Evelyn River

We were at the top of P4 at 11:30; an hour and a quarter later we were paddling downriver towards the mouth of the Florence River and the start of our side trip into Florence Lake. After P4 we were paddling in the widest and deepest bit of water since Apex Lake!

looking upriver the put-in at the end of P4 on the upper south branch

From the P4 put-in, I did walk upriver a bit to see if the boulder garden continued. That is exactly what I found. We had probably saved energy by just doing the portage instead of trying to do a line/float down a rock-strewn and very shallow stretch of water.

looking upriver from the P4 put-in on the upper South Branch of the LE

looking back at a rare stretch of rock face j1.5 km. just below P4 on river left

As we approached the mouth of the Florence River,  we paddled through a massive lily pond that stretches above and below the mouth of the river and even upriver towards Florence Lake.

CS at the start of the Florence River

A half-hour paddle up the Florence River (no noticeable current!) and we were entering Florence Lake itself.  We did note the campsite on the point on our left as we passed by.

A couple of mornings later on our way out we checked it out more closely and decided that given the other camping options on the lake this one would rank near the bottom. The sites at the south end of the lake put you in the more scenic half of the lake.

Here are the campsite options on Florence Lake.

Florence Lake Campsites

Next up was a campsite half-way up (i.e. towards the south end) the lake on the sand dam. It has a collapsed cabin on it built in the 1950s.

the collapsed cabin on the Florence lake sand spit

The cabin –  it has a nameplate with “Good Tent” nailed above the door – was, according to a note on the Florence Lake Ottertooth map, “built by recreationalists c. 1956”. There is room on this 30-meter wide sand dam to put up a number of tents. The cabin itself is probably beyond repair and uninhabitable. We wondered if it was the only cabin in the park other than the one at Cabin Falls now owned by Hap Wilson.

The Florence lake cabin – a view from the southeast

the Florence Lake cabin – the inside corner to the right of the door

the Florence Lake cabin – the rear of the cabin with the roof broken open

the Florence Lake cabin – a view of the roof from the south

We would do the short carry to the other side of the sand dam and continue on towards the south end of the lake for a campsite on the point pictured in the satellite image below.

Florence Lake campsite – highly recommended by Canoe trip advisor!

It has many of the features we look for in a good campsite – a sheltered spot to put up our 7’x8′ four-person tent, nicely spaced trees to easily set a tarp or two, an open rocky outcrop – flat or sloped – as a lounging area/patio and place to catch some wind on a buggy evening, space around the tent site to ramble around and explore. This site, like most of the other ones we stayed at,  also had a toilet box in the backwoods.

We also found this site – and all of the ones we stayed at until the one on our last night on Lady Evelyn Lake itself – to be spotless. No litter, no garbage, no mess!  Thank you, fellow canoe trippers and park staff!

our tent spot on Florence Lake – nicely sheltered.

eating area closer to the water on Florence lake

a view of our Florence Lake campsite from the viewpoint to the south

The Continuing Quest For the Blue Mushroom:

While Max slept off whatever was ailing him, I prepared a Backpacker’s Pantry (the Pad Thai is one of my favourites) for supper and went for a walk with my Sony RX100 set in macro mode. I was on a quest to find the Blue Mushroom!  While I didn’t find it, I did see all sorts of other mushrooms and fungi that I am usually in too much of a hurry to notice. It was a most enjoyable way to zen in and enter an almost meditative state.

a mushroom in the wet bush behind our Florence Lake campsite

what looks like bear poop on a birch log – Florence lake bush

The next morning Max would be feeling better. We had another day to spend on Florence and we would be taking it easy. The only thing planned was a hike up to the Florence Mountain look-out for an elevated view of the lake and surroundings.  The next post has the pix!

Next Post; Day 4 – On Florence Lake

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Temagami’s Lady Evelyn River From Top to Bottom: Day 2 – From Smoothwater Lake To An “It’ll Do” CS  On Lady Evelyn’s South Branch

Previous Post: Day 1 – To The Put-In And Up the Montreal River To  Smoothwater Lake

Day 2From Smoothwater Lake To An “It’ll Do” CS  On Lady Evelyn’s South Branch

  • distance: 19.5 km
  • hunting ground: that of Djakwunigan (of the Kingfisher clan) see map here
  • time: 8:45 a.m. to 6:50 p.m.
  • portages/rapids:   2/ 0 rapids run;
  • P1 – 770 m (50 min) [listed as 700m]
  • P2 – – 800 m (1h:30m including lunch) [listed as 700 m];  also many submerged logs, deadfall, beaver dams as liftovers between Whitemud Lake and Jerry Creek outlet
  • weather: cool; overcast
  • campsite: makeshift site on the upper stretch of L.E.’s south branch; a much nicer one was a mere 260 meters downriver (as we found out the next morning!)
  •  1:50000 NRC Topo Map: 041 P 07_Smoothwater Lake

Looking for Mishipeshu’s Cave:

The Nanabush/Mishipeshu story was told in communities across the Anishinaabe world – from the Algonquins along the Ottawa to the Chippewa in Minnesota. To no surprise, the story reflected locations familiar to the listeners. Instead of Smoothwater Lake, the Ojibwe of Bawating heard of Gitchi Kumi (Lake Superior). Instead of a cave on the west side of Smoothwater, the Ojibwe of Manitoulin Island believed that Mishipeshu’s cavern den was accessed by a hole on the bottom of the lake near the dock at Manitowaning.

Mishipeshu image at Agawa Rock pictograph site on Lake Superior

We started our day with a paddle over to the west side of the lake. The Ottertooth map of the lake (see here) indicated a “small cave (possible site of Temagami First Nation creation story)”.  We wanted to see what sort of a cavity someone had found that (s)he was then able to connect to the Flood caused by the underwater beings in response to Nanabush’s killing of the Great Lynx Mishipeshu.

As the account given to Speck made clear, the cave figures very prominently.  [See the end of the previous post for the story’s beginning.] We read this from the written report Speck published by the Department of Mines in 1915:

As he went along the shore [of Smoothwater Lake], the next morning, he heard someone singing and shaking a rattle. Nenebuc (i.e. Nanabush) stood there wondering and waiting, and pretty soon he saw an old woman making the song. So he went across to see her, and when they met, he asked her, “What are you doing?” “I’m a doctor,” she answered.  “The queen of the Lions has been shot by Nenebuc and I am going to cure her.”

She didn’t know that it was Nenebuc to whom she was talking, for she was too old. So Nenebuc told her, “Let me hear you singing. Is that what you are going to do to cure her?” “Yes,I will sing and then pull out that arrow.”  The Lions had sent for her at the foot of the lake to cure the queen. Nenebuc pulled out a club and killed her,  saying, “You are no doctor (mackrki-‘winini’k’we ‘medicine-person woman’) at all.”

Then he discovered that she was no person at all, but a big toad(oma’kak’iS). So he skinned her and put on the skin. The skin had a hole in the groin, and as he had no needle to sew it up with, his scrotum hung out when he put it on himself. This did not worry Nenebuc, for he thought, “It will be all right unless they notice me too closely.” So he walked past the cave in which the Lions lived and kept singing and rattling all the time.

When the young lions heard him, they said, “There’s the old medicine woman coming.” They were very glad to think that their mother would be cured. So they opened the door in the rock and Nenebuc went in, and one of the daughters came to meet him and siad, “Come in,  old woman.” They were very much pleased. Nenebuc said, “Don’t shut the doors. Leave them open, as the queen needs plenty of fresh air!”  Then he said, “I’ve had a long walk and I’m tired.” Then they gave him a good meal first. While he was eating, he sat with open legs and the children cried out, “Look at the old woman with testicles hanging out!” But the older ones told them to be silent, as they thought some old women had testicles.

When he had finished eating, Nenebuc said, “Don’t watch me. I’m going to pull out the arrow point. You will hear her suffering and me singing, but don’t look until you hear her stop suffering. Then she will be cured, and the arrow point will be out. So don’t look, for I am going to cure her.” Then he began rattling and singing, and, as he did so, he shoved the arrow point farther into the wound of the queen in order to kill her. When she yelled, her people thought that the hurt was caused in pulling it out. At last one of the little lion children peeped and saw Nenebuc pushing the arrow farther in. He told his sister, “That’s Nenebuc himself inside!” Then Nenebuc ran outside and the Queen Lion was dying. Nenebuc had difficulty to clear himself. He pulled off the toad skin and tried to climb up the rock.

(g) The Giant Lynx Causes the World Flood and Gathers the Animals on a Raft; Muskrat Dives for Earth, which Nenebuc Transforms into a New World.

As soon as the queen died, a giant stream poured out of the cave and the lake “That is to flood the world began rising. going and be the end,” said Nenebuc. So he cut trees and made a kind of raft.  [See Speck’s report  here (pp.35-36) for the Ojibwe Flood story, the outcome of Nanabush’s killing of the Great Lynx in the cave.]

  • Smoothwater Lake – west side cave search

    As the map above shows, we paddled over to the west side of the lake and then along the shore across from our Day 1 campsite, looking for anything that could pass as the mythic cave of the Nanabush/Mishipeshu story. We saw no sign of previous paddlers on the same quest, no strip of prospector’s tape as evidence we were close; it was mostly low-grade rock rubble along the shore.

I was left wondering who the fantasy-prone individual was,  who after accepting the literal truth of the myth, was able to find a “cave”.  It would not be the only time on our trip down the river that this happened.  A few days later on Florence Lake, I looked at “Table Rock” and was left skeptical about the explanatory note found on the Ottertooth map.

rounding the corner after our search for a cave on Smoothwater Lake’s west side

As we came to the top (i.e. the south) end of the lake,  I hopped out to do a quick check of a potential campsite just up from the sand beach.  It was okay – but not as nice as ours on the east side beach from the night before or the other one further north.

Max waits while I check out a potential campsite at the south end of Smoothwater Lake

Then it was on to our first portage of the day, the 770-meter haul from Smoothwater to Apex.   The way our portages usually work is like this – Max takes one 115-liter Hooligan pack (50 lbs.) and a duffel (25 lbs.) and bundled paddles the full distance while I carry the other Hooligan (45 lbs.) and duffel (30 lbs.) halfway. I drop it off and head back for the canoe (60 lbs.) and my camera bag (7 -10  lbs.) and, if we have figured out halfway correctly, Max is just arriving to pick up the bags I have left as I am approaching with the canoe.

the start of the portage from Smoothwater to Apex – and possible in a pinch campsite

A rare splash of red in a Temagami landscape that is overwhelmingly green – I had to stop and get a shot before moving on with the pack/duffel carry.  Temagami in the fall is definitely not as colourful as Algonquin!

a rare splash of red off the portage trail to Apex

The trail to Apex from Smoothwater is a good one with a bit of up and down to deal with but no real mushy spots.  We were able to ‘git ‘er dun’  in 45 minutes and were soon paddling across a glassy calm lake.  I am not sure how rare this is but Apex Lake seems to be the headwaters of both the Montreal River system and of the Lady Evelyn’s south branch.

looking west across Apex Lake from the start of the portage trail to Whitemud Lake

The Wilson guidebook has a rare slip-up on portage directions. The portage trail into Whitemud definitely starts at the east end of Apex, one bay up from the portage down to Scarecrow Lake and the Sturgeon River.

When we got there, got we decided to revisit the take-out spot for the first of a series of carries that takes you into Scarecrow and the Ishpatina Ridge trail.  We had done it back in 2009 on our trip down the Sturgeon before paddling up the Obabika River to access Wawiagama Lake. Then it was back to the east end of Apex.

a short section of boulders on the portage trail to Whitemud from Apex Lake

The second portage to Whitemud from Apex is flatter but a bit rougher than the one from Smoothwater to Apex; it starts nice and smooth, but is then followed by a short section of boulders (none of which had a flat surface for totally secure footing!), and then finished with a mix of rock and earth.

the glacial river bed connecting Apex to Whitemud

Running alongside the portage trail on your righthand side is the impressive bouldered river bed, visible evidence of a glacial stream that flowed down from Apex to Whitemud thousands of years ago.

Yet when I went to the Toporama website (the Natural Resources Canada online map source meant to replace the archived 1:50,000 topos from the 1970s and 80s), here is what I found –

  1. no water flow between Apex and Whitemud;
  2. Whitemud as the headwaters of the south branch of the Lady Evelyn.

the headwaters of the south branch of the Lady Evelyn – Apex or Whitemud?

When we got to the far end, we took some time for lunch before paddling down the length of Whitemud Lake and moving on to the afternoon’s challenge – the first few kilometers of the south branch.

As we sat there on the top end of Whitemud Lake, we glanced over and saw a trickle of water coming into the lake. Proof that Apex Lake was feeding Whitemud? Just a small unrelated water source?

the top end of Whitemud – a small stream trickles in from Apex

Then it was on to the afternoon’s challenge – maps of the river warn paddlers of complications they can expect on the initial stretch of the South Branch. The Ottertooth map (see here) notes this – Spring Travel Only – numerous obstacles, including mud shallows, deadfalls.

Well, it was early September so we were definitely out of season!  How bad could it be?

the Whitemud end of looking down Whitemud Lake from the end of the portage trail from Apex

Into Whitemud Lake we went, spared the hopping from one cluster of grass to the other that some trip reports describe.  There was just enough water – i.e. about six inches – that we were able to pull our way down the lake with half-paddle-blade strokes.

Our GPS track indicates speeds of up to 1.5 km./hr.!  I think it was here that Max pushed his paddle down into the mucky bottom – and it all but disappeared!  We were left wondering what would happen if someone fell in and did not have something to grab on to!

An Afternoon of Obstacles

1:00 p.m. – leaving Whitemud Lake for the initial river section

It took us roughly 4 hours to do the initial five-kilometer stretch of the LE’s upper South Branch. Max’s and my combined age is getting close to 140; a younger crew may get it done faster.  The water conditions at the time will also factor in, as will how rough you are willing to be with your canoe bottom as you haul it over yet another obstacle.

The map below will give you some idea of our slow progress as we made our way to the Jerry Creek outlet.  We didn’t know it at the time but after we reached that point we were through the worst of it.

1:08 p.m. – the remains of a log bridge on the LE’s south branch near Whitemud

approaching the end of a fairly easy stretch of the upper South Branch of LE

Further down the South Branch, we came to more evidence of a river bed that was once much more impressive than the trickle we were dealing with.  Here is the explanation that makes sense of the above images of a bouldery river bed – and of the image below!

It comes from a 1917 Department of Mines report – Onaping Map Area –  written by W.H. Collins for the Geological Survey of Canada. (Click on the title to access a copy.) Here is how Collins read it –

Reading books is one thing; reading nature from whatever angle you choose is another.  Insight like that provided by Collins makes me realize how illiterate I am when it comes to reading the Canadian Shield  I have spent a lifetime paddling.

1:45 p.m. – low water and a boulder garden on the upper Lady Evelyn South Branch

We took no pix for three hours as we dealt with all the usual obstacles of going down the shallow headwaters stretch of a small river.  You have to accept that your feet will get wet as you haul your canoe over yet one more log. There is a psychological fatigue that sets in alongside the physical one as you look ahead and see more trouble coming!

Doing this on a sunny summer day is obviously preferable – but one good thing about our choice of early September was the absence of bugs.

4:40  –  upper lady Evelyn south branch – approaching Jerry Creek outlet

After Jerry Creek,  progress came more easily; it took only 30 minutes to do a 3.3 km. stretch from the Jerry Creek outlet to the view in the image below.  It was also getting a bit late and we started scanning the shore for a potential campsite.

5:30 and 3.3 km. down from Jerry Creek

It was getting close to 6 p.m. and we were flagging after the afternoon workout.  When we came up to a clearing on river right seen in the pic below, I hopped out of the canoe and took a quick look. Max hopped out too and scanned the area. Our decision – “it’ll do”.

upper Lady Evelyn south branch – campsite search

After a bit of site clearing,  up went the tent and the tarp; out came the Helinox chairs and the food bag. By 7 we were having supper and celebrating our passage down the south branch’s upper section.  Hearing some rain shortly after dark, we did crawl out of the tent and put our second tarp over the tent, partly to keep the tent and fly as dry as possible and also to make tent take-down the next morning easier if it was still raining.

tent up at the end of a day on the upper south branch of the Lady Evelyn River

a tarp over our eating area – CS02 on the Lady Evelyn

Had We Only Known!

The next morning – minutes into the day’s paddle to Florence lake – we would round the corner and see on river left a rare piece of rock outcrop and on the flat top of the slope a fire pit and a ready-made tent spot that was somewhat sheltered from the wind and yet provided great views of the river from its elevated vantage point.  We had missed it by 260 meters!

On rereading the Hap Wilson guidebook after the trip, I realized that the site he describes below is the one that we came so close to at the end of Day 2! He writes:

LE-SB Makeshift CS and an A+ one 260 meters downriver!

If you are planning a trip down the LE’s south branch from Smootwater, then this campsite described by Wilson makes an excellent reward for a couple of 700+meter portages and a half-day of slogging down the first few kilometers of the river.   See the next post for some pix of the site and compare it to the one we stayed at!

Next Post: Day 3 – From Our “It’ll Do’ Campsite to Florence Lake

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Temagami’s Lady Evelyn River From Top to Bottom: Day 1 – To The Put-In And Up River To Smoothwater Lake

Previous Post: The Lady Evelyn From Top to Bottom – Intro, Route Options, Maps, Logistics, And a Bit of History

A. Getting To The Put-In:

Picking Up Our Shuttle Driver

We drove up from Toronto the day before the put-in and camped on the east shore of the Montreal River as it passes by Mowat Landing, which is where our shuttle would begin and where our trip ended eleven days later.  After the 3.5-hour ride from Toronto to North Bay on Hwy 11, we had less than two to go –

  • 1 hour to Temagami,
  • then 20 minutes to Latchford,
  • and another 30 minutes to Mowat Landing.

Mowat Landing is about 40 kilometers from Latchford. After you leave Hwy 11,  the first half is paved and the gravel half that follows is in decent shape. This is not the often-terrible Red Squirrel access Road down by Temagami!

Trevor and Lisa Graydon are long-time owners of the Mowat Landing Cottages; Lisa would come along to the put-in with us the next morning and then drive our vehicle back to their property.

the Mowat Landing Cottages property – a view from their dock

As mentioned in the previous post, the shuttle cost was $250. + HST;  we also paid $60. for leaving our vehicle on their property and $35. for our camp spot.   We could have parked the vehicle for free on the side of the road leading to the public boat ramp; we saw dozens of vehicles there at both ends of our trip. The Graydons did say that our vehicle would be safe if left on the side of the road.

camping at Mowat Landing Cottages

Those who have backcountry camping permits are requested to leave a copy on the dashboard. It indicates the dates for which you are covered.  However, not everyone will have a backcountry camping permit displayed since many are making use of fishing lodges on Lady Evelyn Lake itself and in that case backcountry permits are not required. Any park official checking permits would not know the difference.

In the end, letting everyone know exactly how long you are going to be out is perhaps not the wisest thing. “Forgetting” to put a copy of your park permit on the dashboard – or leaving the vehicle on Mowat Landing Cottages property – seem like better options.

The Road To the Put-In:

the Montreal River put-in off the Beauty Lake Road

We left Mowat Landing around 8:45 and two hours later we were already paddling up the Montreal River to its headwaters.  We had taken the Bartle Lake Access Road to get to Hwy 65 which took us to Elk Lake. Then it was west on Hwy 560 and a left-hand turn onto the Beauty Lake Road after we reached Longpoint Lake.

Day 1-From Montreal River Put-In to Smoothwater Lake

  • distance: 16.6 km
  • paddling through the late 1800’s  hunting grounds of Djakwunigan (of the Kingfisher clan)
  • time: 10:40 a.m to 2:30 p.m. – a half-day paddle!
  • portages/rapids: 0 
  • weather: sunny at first, then overcast; then sunny again towards late afternoon; very windy with 1-2 foot swells/whitecaps on Smoothwater Lake (SW wind) and in stretches where the wind was channeled through
  • campsite: at the Marina Lake portage; lots of room for pitching – we found the one ‘good’ spot for a 4-person tent. Could easily accommodate 5 or 6 or more 1-2 P tents; the surrounding area was home to an amazing variety of mushrooms!
  •  1:50000 NRC Topo Map: 041 P 07_Smoothwater Lake

at the put-in on the Montreal River

2009 put-in point – the Hooligan and the MEC duffel are still in service!

We had been at the put-in before!  Back in 2009, we did a trip down to the Sturgeon River via Scarecrow Lake and then paddled up the Obabika River to Wawiagama Lake and on up to Maple Mountain before returning to our vehicle at the end of the Central Access Road. We put together our first canoe post after that trip – you can see the somewhat disorganized results here!

Temagami Canoe Country: Paddling From Ishpatina To Maple Mountain To Bear Island

Our first day on the water was an easy one, only complicated by a strong wind from the southwest and some whitecaps.  It was overcast and coolish weather for the most part with intermittent sunshine.

On our way up the Montreal River to Smoothwater Lake, we stopped to chat with two paddlers on their way back to their vehicle by the take-out at the bridge. They asked us to relay a message of “all good” if we passed by their three friends who were a bit behind.

Looking back at the Montreal River bridge and put-in

When we got to Smoothwater Lake, we first headed to a campsite on the west side of the lake. Unimpressed, we looked for the other one nearby but not finding it (it was one bay further south than we thought!), we decided to paddle over to the beach area on the east side of the lake. Campers were already at the site we had stayed at a decade ago so we landed a bit further south and looked for a possible site. Not finding anything suitable, we paddled south along the shore to the start of the portage to Marina Lake.

central Smoothwater Lake Campsite Options

We found there a great campsite – the #1 site on the lake! – with more possibilities than the sites further up:

  • a decent flat spot for our four-person tent;
  • a rustic log table to put our stuff on,
  • a canoe tripper’s sign-in book to peruse, and
  • a wide portage trail to Marina Lake, as well as
  • a forest floor that was covered with more varieties of mushrooms than we had ever noticed before.

It is always nice to have a site where you can ramble around a bit! We were home for the night.

Smoothwater east side beach near Marina Lake portage

Archaeological Site CiHd-1

We only found out later that not only had we landed at an excellent campsite but that it also is in the archaeological records thanks to work done by John Pollack in the early 1970s.  He was working on his M.A. in Anthropology at McMaster U at the time and the Smoothwater site (Borden # CiHd-1)  was one of a number he examined for his 1975 paper entitled The Culture History of Kirkland Lake District, Northeastern Ontario. [Click on the title to access the paper.]

He dated the use of the site back to the late Shield Archaic cultural period around 1000 B.C.E.  Uncovered were all sorts of stone artifacts as well as possible evidence of a 10′ x 12′ tent ring structure with a central hearth.  See here for a 9.7 Mb pdf file of the Smoothwater section of his technical paper; it includes images of many of the stone implements uncovered – scrapers, projectiles, and choppers among them. Also found were three fragments of pottery that Pollock assigned to the Laurel Complex culture period (300 B.C.-800 A.D.).

Knowing the significance of the site only makes it more special to have spent the late afternoon and night at the spot where the creek from Marina Lake comes trickling down into Smoothwater.  To the Anishinaabeg of old who made the region their homeland, the lake held mythical significance.

Marina Lake from the portage trail from Smoothwater Lake

The Garmin inReach Comes In Handy:

After an early supper, we walked north along the shore to where the other campers were.  It turned out that they were the friends of the two paddlers we had met downriver from Smoothwater Lake earlier that afternoon so we passed on their message.

We also found out why they were so far behind – the waves on Smoothwater had been bad enough that they had capsized their canoe. The three of them had decided to stop, dry out, and wait for better weather the next morning.  I made use of our inReach Explorer to send their two buddies an email to let them know what had happened and  that their friends would join them the next morning.

Smoothwater Lake looking west from the east side beach

Smoothwater Lake looking west from the east side beach

Nanabush and Mishipeshu On Smoothwater Lake!

As we stood on the shore of Smoothwater and looked west at the awe-inducing light show my thoughts turned to the Anishinaabe trickster/culture hero Nanabush (aka Nanabozho, Nenebuc, etc.).

According to a story told to the American anthropologist, F.G. Speck, in 1913 during his two-week stay with the Ojibwe locals living on Bear Island around the Hudson Bay Co. post, this beach was the setting of mythic events. Here is what Speck recorded –

He (Nanabush) had his bow and arrow with him, and as he went along he saw a great snake.He shot it with his arrow. He came to a big lake with a nice, sandy shore, where he saw Lions (mici”bi- zi’w “giant lynx”). He couldn’t shoot them with his arrow as they were too far away, nor was there any place where he could hide himself until they came to sun themselves by the shore when they felt too cold in the water. Finally, he hit upon a plan. He took some birch bark from a rotten stump, rolled it into a hollow cylinder, and placed it, like a wigwam, near the shore. He got inside and made a little hole in the bark through which to shoot and kill the Lions.

This big snake referred to in the first sentence would become a part of the high rocky Ishpatina ridge on the portage to the south of Smoothwater Lake. The “nice, sandy shore” was the one we were standing on!

Mazinaw Rock at Bon Echo Park – Mishipeshu and the Canoes panel

As for the Lions – a better translation would be Great Lynx, known in Anishinaabe mythology as the underwater being Mishipeshu (click on his name to read a bit more about him!). In this account there seem to be a number of lynxes. A flight of fantasy had me thinking that maybe the fire pit was where Nanabush’s hollow cylinder had stood!  The story continues –

When the Lions saw the thing on the beach, they grew curious to find out what this strange thing was on the beach that was not there the day before. So they sent a big snake to twist around it and to try to upset it, but the snake did not succeed in doing this, for Nenebuc (i.e. Nanabush) stood too firm. So the Lions came ashore upon the sand and Nenebuc shot one of them with his arrow a she-lion, the wife of the Lion chief. He did not kill her, but wounded her badly in the side, and the flint arrow point stayed in the wound. She was very badly wounded and went back to a hole which led to a cave in a big rock where she lived. Nenebuc was sorry that he had not killed the Lion queen.

That cave was, according to Speck’s footnote, “in a high bluff on the west shore of Smoothwater Lake”.  The image above includes that western shore.   We would begin Day Two with a search for a rock feature that might be associated with that cave.

Click on the cover above – or the title below –  to download the entire Speck booklet. Pp. 34-36 have the Nanabush-Mishipeshu Smoothwater story.

Myths and Folk-lore of the Timiskaming Algonquin and Timagami Ojibwa by F.G. Speck 1915

The Nanabush story is perhaps the essential Ojibwe myth and was told from one end of the Ojibwe world to the other, from southern Ontario and Temagami to Minnesota. Needless to say, there were many variations of the myth to fit particular local settings and individual storytellers or audiences. Christopher Vecsey has summarized the basic story, highlighting eight key episodes that most versions share.  You can read his useful account here –

The Myth of Nanabush – The Eight Key Episodes Of His Life (C. Vecsey)


Day 2 would also involve a couple of 700-meter + portages to get into the narrow and shallow beginnings of the Lady Evelyn River.  It would end with a makeshift campsite on the south branch of the Lady Evelyn River after a half-day of dealing with beaver dams, submerged logs, deadfall and deep mud. We can’t say we didn’t know what was coming! It is the late-season entry fee for a trip down an epic little river!

The next post has the details!

Next Post: Day 2 – From Smoothwater Lake to An “It’ll Do” Campsite on the Lady Evelyn’s South Branch

Posted in Anishinaabek World, Temagami, wilderness canoe tripping | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Temagami’s Lady Evelyn River From Top To Bottom: Introduction and a Bit of History

Related Post: Route Options, Maps, Shuttles, Permits, And More

This first post introduces the Temagami region and provides a bit of historical background, mostly focusing on aspects of the story I learned about in researching for this canoe trip.  You can skip history class and get right to the trip maps,  route options, and planning by clicking on the link below –

The Lady Evelyn River From Top To Bottom: Route Options, Maps, Shuttles, Permits, And More

Temagami & The Lady Evelyn River:

Temagami is the region to the north and west of North Bay in northeastern Ontario. In the Anishinaabe language of the Algonquin and Ojibwe people whose hunting grounds it had been for some time before the newcomers arrived, the name refers to the region’s largest lake and means “deep waters”.

While there already was a minor Hudson Bay Co. post on Lake Temagami in the 1830s, Temagami’s isolation would definitely end in 1904 when a newly-built rail line, the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway,  reached the top of the NE arm of the lake on its way from North Bay to New Liskeard.

The following year an 18-year-old English adventurer, Archie Belaney, stepped off the train and morphed into a new life as a fur trapper and wilderness guide before gradually becoming Grey Owl, the world-famous Ojibwe environmentalist.

Twenty-five years after the rail line, a rough gravel road from North Bay, officially named the Ferguson Highway,  further connected the region to southern Ontario.

The GTA – The Greater Temagami Area

Mining, Logging, and Indigenous Land Claims:

The 1903 discovery of silver in the nearby Cobalt area prompted a massive mining boom. The mines’ need for cheap energy led to the building of hydroelectric stations and a compressed gas plant on the Montreal River below Latchford.  To regulate water flow, a control dam was built at Latchford in 1910 and then in 1925 at Mattawapika Falls, the outlet of the Lady Evelyn River system. The Mattawapika Dam is estimated to have raised water levels by some four to five meters, flooding a vast area from the dam all the way west to Willow Island and Sucker Gut Lakes.

The establishment of the Temagami Forest Reserve in 1898 had provided some protection for the old-growth pine, some of which still stand today, especially in the Wakimika-Cheeskon area at the top of Obabika Lake.  However, by the 1920s loggers arrived on the east side of the Montreal River.

east end of Lady Evelyn Lake – 100-year-old reminders of the Dam(n) Flooding

A tug boat moved the log booms down the lake to the dam. After tumbling down the log chute the logs were floated down to a sawmill by Latchford and eventually loaded on the flatbed cars of a southbound T&NO train.  In 1942 a logging company constructed a dam at Diamond Lake’s outlet into Lady Evelyn Lake to facilitate the movement of their winter harvest of timber. Ir would stand until the early 1970s when the Ontario MNR had it removed. Diamond Lake’s water level fell by four feet!

In the  1950s and ’60s, there was a shift in lumber extraction from river drives to logging roads, which came at the Temagami Forest from all directions!

  • The Goulard Road up from the south,
  • the Liskeard Road from the north,
  • the Red Squirrel Road from the east –

and then things really got heated when plans were announced for a ski hill development on Maple Mountain.

panorama – looking east towards Lady Evelyn Lake from Maple Mountain top

By the 1980s, an alliance of environmentalists and Indigenous nationalists had joined to stop the logging roads, to protect the old-growth forests, and to have the land claims of the local Ojibwe recognized and respected.  While the plans for a resort at Maple Mountain were scrapped and the Red Squirrel Road blockade was successful, lawyers arguing the land claims issue at both the provincial and federal levels in the 80s and early 90s would see their cases dismissed.

In 2020 there is renewed concern about the logging of the Solace Wildlands on the east side of the Sturgeon River near Florence Lake. The cause of N’Daki Menan, the Temagami Anishinaabe homeland envisioned by Gary Potts and modelled on a map drawn up by G.F. Speck in 1913, is still a dream. The closest chance to a settlement divided the Anishinaabe community, with the broadly inclusive Anishinaabe Council accepting but the status Ojibwe of Bear Island rejecting it. Counter-claims by nearby Algonquin First Nations that they are the true owners of the land complicate matters even further.  Meanwhile, the inhabitants of the area struggle with making a living that depends less on resource extraction – i.e. the mining and logging jobs that were the mainstay for so long.

Temagami As a “Wilderness” Destination:

Having grown up in the Abitibi region 150 kilometers to the northeast of Temagami and having made both that train ride and road trip up from North Bay to Noranda many times in the 1960s and early 70s, it took a while for my brother and me to see Temagami as a possible wilderness canoe tripping destination.

To us, wild meant downriver to James Bay;  Temagami was the scenic lake country and managed logging area we passed through on our way down Hwy 11 to Toronto!  However, a few Temagami canoe trips over the past decade have opened our eyes to the area’s rugged beauty and almost-wilderness.  This September we headed back for a fifth visit.  Our goal was to paddle the length of the Lady Evelyn River system.

Lady Evelyn-Smoothwater Park

Created by Ontario’s provincial government in 1983, Lady Evelyn-Smoothwater Park is Algonquin Park’s wilder cousin. If Algonquin is where you introduce someone to canoe tripping and camping, then Lady Evelyn-Smoothwater in Temagami is the next step. It is a bit further from southern Ontario, it is rawer, more rugged, more scenic, with less signage and fewer paddlers.

Lady Evelyn-Smoothwater Park and Algonquin Park

Don’t let Lady Evelyn-Smoothwater Park’s relative size compared to Algonquin on the map above fool you – it is the centerpiece of a hodgepodge of crown land, fifteen other parks, a dozen wilderness zones, and various other designations of public land. This Ottertooth map (here) shows the actual size of Temagami canoe country –  and it is larger than Algonquin!

The Lady Evelyn River:

If the park is the heart of the Temagami wilderness area, then the Lady Evelyn River is the spine running right through it from west to east.  The River begins on the high plateau between Ishpatina Ridge (Ontario’s highest point) to the SW and Maple Mountain to the NE. Five of the top fifteen highest points in Ontario are within 20 kilometers of the river’s headwaters! (See here for more ON high points info.)  By the time it reaches the Montreal River below the Mattawapika Dam, the Lady Evelyn River drops about 120 meters or so in altitude.

The map below shows the various sections that make up the Lady Evelyn River system:

  • The North Branch has its headwaters just south of Beauty Lake.
  • The South Branch begins in Apex Lake, one portage from Smoothwater Lake on the Park’s western edge.  A bit further down, Florence, considered one of Temagami’s most beautiful lakes, feeds into this branch as it meanders its way to The Forks where it merges with the North Branch.

The Lady Evelyn River system – from top to bottom

From The Forks down to Katherine Lake, there are a dozen sets of rapids.  The time of year will determine how paddlers deal with them – portage, wade & line, or run. Katherine Lake was once also known as Divide Lake – and for good reason.  At the bottom end of the lake, there is a choice to be made:

  • The North Channel with the three sets of waterfalls that make up The Staircase empties into Sucker Gut Lake to the north.
  • The South Channel, a bit longer and with more waterfalls and challenging portages ends at Willow Island Lake at the bottom of the channel.

Then it is north and east through Obisaga Narrows and across the enlarged expanse of the Lady Evelyn Lake created when the Mattawapika Dam (1925) significantly raised lake water levels. Given the park’s status as a “wilderness” park, Lady Evelyn Lake itself, as well as Willow Island and Sucker Gut Lakes, are not included in Lady Evelyn-Smoothwater Park! The fishing lodges (click on the link to see their locations) and motorized boat traffic put them in different categories – natural environment zone or conservation reserve!

An easy 200-meter portage around Mattawapika Dam brings the paddler to the mouth of the Lady Evelyn River as it merges with the Montreal River, the one that those who accessed the Lady Evelyn from the South Branch paddled up to reach Smoothwater Lake.  From the Lady Evelyn River’s Apex Lake headwaters to the mouth there is about a 116- meter drop (387m to 271m).

On the east side of the Montreal River is Mowat Landing, one possible endpoint of the trip.

Note: The planning post has all of the above in much more detail. Click here to see.

Temagami’s Lady Evelyn River From Top To Bottom: Route Options, Maps, Shuttles, Permits, And More

Hap Wilson: Temagami Guidebook and The Cabin

When it comes to canoe tripping in Temagami, Hap Wilson’s Temagami: A Wilderness Paradise is the book – the essential source.  It was the first of a number of guidebooks he has written over the past forty years.  His guidebooks to the Missinaibi, the Rivers of Manitoba, and the Upper Ottawa Valley all sit on my bookshelf and have served me well. Route suggestions, detailed sketches of rapids, and advice on portages and campsites, as well as his version of local history…it is all there and still mostly relevant and useful forty years after the first edition!  The book is an investment that will repay itself many times over as you inevitably return for more of Temagami after your first visit. It points out things that will save you time, aggravation, or worse!

Temagami was first published in 1979 and has seen a number of reprints and editions.  The one pictured is the second edition from 2011. [See here for an Amazon.ca copy of the book for $25. You may also find it at your public library. The Toronto Public Libary has 8 copies of the 2nd ed. See here for the details.]

Another Wilson book that is worth checking out is The Cabin: A Search For Personal Sanctuary (2005).  It is really his autobiography. It moves from –

  • his childhood obsession with creating an isolated and secret space to which he could retreat from his dysfunctional family
  • to his discovery of Temagami and wilderness canoe tripping in the early 1970s,
  • to how he came to be the owner of what he has turned into an Eco-Lodge at Cabin Falls on the South Channel of the Lady Evelyn River.

The book needs some detailed maps to illustrate the geography that is at its core.  Given that Wilson is clearly obsessed with maps and does an incredible job creating them,  the book disappoints with its one map. On it, the Temagami area is the size of a postage stamp with none of the detail that would often help the reader make sense of what is being described and narrated.  You end up having to put down the book and access other maps to get the full picture.

Wilson will also have you wincing at his over-use of Brobdingnagian synonyms and often not-quite-appropriate words when simpler ones would do just fine.  However,  there are more than enough Temagami-related nuggets of information and insight to keep on reading.

A digital version of most of the book is also available at the Google Books site.  The Preamble: Transformation and Chapter One are both available. [See here.]  They are recommended reading before a trip down the Lady Evelyn; both will make you look at things a bit differently than usual.

  • The Preamble: Transformation recounts the local version of the Ojibwe Flood Myth with Nanabush (referred to here as Nenebuc) taking on Mishipeshu, the Lynx-like creature of the deep waters and the ensuing flood and recreation of earth. And it all begins on Smoothwater Lake!
  • Chapter One is Wilson’s account of his own mythic journey from Smoothwater Lake to Cabin Falls on the South Channel of the Lady Evelyn in the company of a friend or client to whom he is revealing his Paradise at Cabin Falls.

A Youtube contributor – Wild Canoes – posted a 14-minute documentary in 2019 titled  “Wild Temagami”.  With Hap and Andrea Wilson providing the narration,  the film includes background on the fight to preserve the Temagami wilderness. The landscape in and around Cabin Falls on the Lady Evelyn River provides eye-catching visuals.

More Historical Context:  

Speck’s 1913 Hunting Grounds Map:

The lakes and rivers of the Canadian Shield country we are drawn to were already the home and native land of the Anishinaabe-speaking people (Algonquin, Ojibwe, Cree) before the Europeans arrived.  With respect to Temagami, in 1900 there was a small Ojibwe community on Bear Island.  See the map below for its location.

1900 map with locations of the old and new HBC.  posts and of Bear I.”Indian Village”

It was the transfer of the Hudson Bay Co. to Bear Island from its initial location at the south end of nearby Temagami Island in 1875 which created an Ojibwe trading post community there.   The trading post itself would operate until 1974 when the HBC sold the property to the Zufelt family.

With the Canadian Government’s purchase of  Bear Island from the Ontario Government in 1971, it became Bear Island 1 Reserve or what is now called Temagami First Nation. By 1981 TFN had purchased the HBC post from the Zufelts.

trading post complex on Bear Island in 1910. See here for the source of the image

The most graphic and detailed analysis that I found of the Ojibwe presence in the Temagami area was a map drawn up by the American anthropologist F.G. Speck in 1913 during his stay with the Ojibwe families living on Bear Island. He numbered this community at 95 that year.

From his conversations with family heads over a two-week period, Speck concluded that an original group of twelve families had moved into the Temagami area from Lake Huron/Lake Nipissing around the year 1800 in search of new hunting grounds.

Bear Island. 1913. Frank Speck photo.

The result of Speck’s visit was a brief study for the Canadian Government’s Department of Mines entitled  Family Hunting Territories and Social Life of Various Algonkian Bands of the Ottawa Valley, (Click on the title to access the document.) In it, Speck writes –

For two weeks, while at Bear island, I had the heads of the families themselves engaged in marking their territories on the map which is here reproduced. The results are shown upon the map itself. It is believed that the territorial bounds there defined are as correct as it is possible to make them.The Indians themselves realized the importance of the subject, and, probably for the first time in their lives, settled matters in black and white which had formerly been merely entrusted to memory. [Click on the title above to access the document, p.13]

The map below of the Temagami area showing the hunting grounds of the dozen or so Ojibwe families who lived there at the time was the result of those meetings with the various family heads.

Speck gives enough detail that had we been doing a Lady Evelyn canoe trip in 1913, we’d have known whose family hunting grounds we were paddling through.  Speck also notes this about entering the hunting grounds belonging to other families.

When it was necessary in travelling to pass through another family territory, permission was generally sought at the owner’s headquarters before passing on, and if by necessity game had been killed to sustain life, the pelts were carried to the owners or delivered to them by some friend. This gave the proprietors the right in the future to do the same in the territory of their trespassers. [Speck, 4]

Our trip down the Lady Evelyn took us from its headwaters near Smoothrock Lake to its mouth below what was then Mattawapika Falls where it spills into the Montreal River.  Along the way, we would pass through the hunting grounds associated with the following mid-to-late 1800s family heads (with Speck’s note about how many lived in each to the right) – 
  • 30 – Djakwunigan (Kingfisher clan) 1 person living there
  • 27 – Ke’kek (Rattlesnake clan)     17 people living there
  • 24 – Wendaban (Rattlesnake clan) no one interviewed
  • 27a -Misabi (Beaver clan)       5 people living there

Not only were Ke’kek and Wendaban of the same Rattlesnake clan, but they were also brothers. Their combined hunting grounds were once the possession of their father Wabigan, who gave Ke’kek the lands encompassed by 27 and 27a and Wendaban 24. From their relative sizes, it may be that Wendaban was the younger son.

Apparently, Wendaban married a Nipissing woman and spent many winters (the hunting time) on Lake Nipissing instead of in the Lady Evelyn Lake area. Wendaban and his wife had no children and he is said to have died in 1894. Speck did not speak with or record the presence of anyone from hunting ground #24 during his stay.

To the south of the brothers Ke’Kek and Wendaban was the hunting ground of Misabi, still alive and almost 100 years old when Speck was at Bear Island in 1913.  He had come up to Temagami from Georgian Bay – one source says from the Shawanaga area of Georgian Bay – as a young man and, having married one of Ke’kek’s daughters, was given 27a as his hunting ground. That would mean he had arrived around 1840 or so. On a side note, the Nipissing woman mentioned above as Wendaban’s wife – Thor Conway states that Wendaban married Misabi’s sister. If so, this would explain why he spent much of his time in the Shawanaga area and not specifically on Lake Nipissing.

To think that we are talking about a hunting grounds map drawn up only 110 years ago and reflecting the local realities of the late 1800s.  Given that my father was born in 1914 and my mother in 1922,  and I was born in the Abitibi to the northeast of Temagami in 1951,  this is not exactly ancient history!

Knowing some of the backstories of those Anishinaabeg who lived in Temagami a century or two before us makes the journey on the rivers they knew that much more meaningful.

The Ontario Government’s Exploration Survey Report:

In the summer of 1900, an  Ontario Government-sponsored exploration survey party (#3) crisscrossed the Temagami and Matagami regions, paddling up and down rivers in an epic summer of canoeing.  The next year saw the beginning of construction of a 184-kilometer railroad from North Bay to the top of Lake Temiskaming at New Liskeard. (It was completed in 1904.) The survey would give the government a better idea of the exploitable resources they would find. The survey party’s report covered lumber, mineral, hydro-electric, and farming potential.  Along the way, the survey party also noted features of the waterways they travelled.

Here is what the report said about the crew’s ascent of the Lady Evelyn River from the Lake.

A click on the title will take you to a copy of the report –  Report On The Survey and Exploration of Northern Ontario. Survey Party #3’s report begins on p. 83. It makes for interesting reading: among other things, it sometimes uses the earlier Algonkian language names of lakes and rivers. Lady Evelyn is not one of them!

 The name Lady Evelyn was supposedly first applied just to the lake by Robert Bell in 1888 when he did survey work in the area for the Geological Survey Department of Canada’s Federal Government. [Bell was responsible for naming over 3000 Canadian geographical features; he is also the one who gave nearby Maple Mountain its name.] 

Only later did someone in the mapping department in Ottawa use the same name for the river coming into the Lake at the bottom of the falls at the outlet of Willow Island Lake. [The falls disappeared in 1925 with the massive flooding caused by the construction of the Mattawapika Dam.]  Before that the river was known locally as “The Trout Streams”, a translation of the Ojibwa, namegos (trout) + zibbins or sippi (stream or river). See here for a use of Lady Evelyn River in the Ontario Government Northen Ontario Report mentioned above.

So – in 1888 Bell found himself with a large lake below The Trout Streams and no Anishinaabe name to give it.  This was not his preference. As he had written in an earlier survey report of the Nipigon region in 1870:

Since the lake needed a name and the local Ojibwe either did not have one or Bell did not find it distinctive enough, he came up with the name Lady Evelyn. Craig Macdonald, the creator of a Temagami map based on the pre-1925 topography and using Ojibwe names does label Lady Evelyn as Monskawnawning Lake. (Ojibwe translation: Haunt of the Moose).  If that name was actually being used by locals 100 years before Macdonald compiled the map, why Bell did not make use of it?   Given his clear preferences stated above,  it is as much of a mystery as who Lady Evelyn was!

If you need to know more about possible Lady Evelyns Bell may have had in mind,  click here (a pdf file) to have a look at

The Enduring Mystery of the Lake Named Lady Evelyn: Whom Did  Robert Bell Have In Mind?


Next Post: The Lady Evelyn River From Top To Bottom: Route Options, Maps, Shuttles, Permits, And More


For day-by-day maps and route descriptions:


Some Of  Our Other Temagami Trips: 

Since my brother and I grew up in the Abitibi region of northwestern Quebec it took us a long time to realize that there was some great paddling country that did not slope down to James Bay on the Quebec or Ontario side!

It has really just been the last decade that Temagami has become an option for an almost-wilderness canoe trip. The fact that we can put our canoe in the water six hours after leaving Toronto is definitely a factor, but the main draw is Temagami itself – rugged, scenic, with layers of history to contemplate, and some great campsites to discover.  While we have not returned to Algonquin since the late 1970s, as we get older Temagami may well become our go-to canoe tripping slice of the Canadian Shield.

Here are a few trip reports of Temagami visits over the past decade –

Temagami: Paddling From Peak to Peak (Smoothwater Lake to Ishpatina Ridge to Maple Mountain To Temagami Island)

detailed map of our paddle to Ishpatina and Maple Mountains and then out

Early Autumn Canoeing In The Heart Of Temagami

 A Return Visit To Temagami’s Diamond Lake Pictograph Site

overview of Diamond Lake Pictograph Site

Paddling To Temagami’s Maple Mountain






Posted in Anishinaabek World, Temagami, wilderness canoe tripping | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Wabakimi Canoe Trip: Days 11 to 15 – From Smoothrock Lake To Collins Via The Boiling Sand River

Previous Post: Days 9 and 10 – From The Mouth of the Grayson River, South To Smoothrock Lake Via Whitewater Lake and McKinley Bay

Day Eleven: Smoothrock Lake Central To S end of Smoothrock West Arm

distance: 25 km. 

We would hear some boat traffic around wake-up time on our little island at the hub of Smoothrock Lake.  There is a fishing lodge located on the east arm of the lake about 4.5 kilometers from where we were camping:

The fly-in fish camp is made up of twelve cabins and the main lodge building and,  if the half-dozen boats in the fishing armada that passed by were any indication, is doing okay in attracting guests. The Smoothrock Lake location is one of a number owned and operated by Thunderhook Fly-Ins a U.S-owned fishing lodge company with a real stake in fishing/hunting camps in northwestern Ontario, including

  • 13 different outposts,
  • a four-cabin operation on Whitewater lake, and
  • the twelve-cabin complex on Smoothwater Lake.

Later that morning when we headed towards the west arm of the lake, we would paddle by the stationary boats as the guys inside tried various lure combinations.  All were from south of the border with Michigan being the #1 state they were from.  They were having a great time fishing in Wabakimi Provincial Park.  Those fishing outposts all existed before the Park was established and have been allowed to continue and – truth be told – bring in more revenue to the park and locals involved in the tourist industry than the few canoe trippers who spend time (and very little money) in the area.

We arrive complete with all our food and gear, get dropped off on the side of the railway line at Flindt Landing, paddle around the park for two weeks, and then hop on the train at Collins and head back south to Toronto. Not a lot of money there for the local tourist economy – except for the camp park permits we paid for over the telephone while chatting with the park super.

we sit out an afternoon shower at our campsite on the west arm of Smoothrock Lake.

We got close to the bottom of the West Arm of the lake and, when we passed the twenty-kilometer mark,  started looking for a campsite.  We stopped when there was a sudden change in the weather and got the tent up just in time.  We’d get a thunderstorm and some rain for a couple of hours before things cleared up again and the sun came out.

looking east from our island campsite on the west arm of Smoothrock Lake

a post-supper cup of tea on the rocks- the afternoon storm has come and gone

sunset on the water

more end-of-day reflections

Day Twelve: Smoothrock West Arm to Boiling Sand R. (Tamarack L.)

distance: 19 km. 

We had three days before our train ride back to Toronto from the Collins VIA stop on the morning of the 4th day. Collins was only 30 kilometers away and,  if pressed, we could have knocked it off in one day. Instead, we had to stretch it out to fill three!

Day 12- CS to Boiling Sand River

Our day up the Boiling Sand River would be the last of the normal tripping days. We left our island campsite around 9:00 and by 11:00 had paddled the 10 kilometers to the mouth of the Boiling Sand River, the last three kilometers up Smoothrock Lake’s narrow southeast arm. Coming up were the last two longer potential portages.

There we would have to deal with our last major potential portage (P42); some trip reports indicate a 500+ meter carry here on river left.  (See here.)

Our Spot Connect track 646 shows us at the bottom at 11:10 and close to the top ten minutes later.  Not having kept notes and unable to recall exactly what we did here, I can only conclude that we tracked the canoe upriver.  Your experience may be different.  Drop me a line on how you dealt with it.

Once beyond the constriction at its mouth,  the river widens and takes an S-shaped curve up to the next portage (P43), the one into Tamarack Lake.  We would spend about thirty minutes on the river left (our right-hand side since we were coming up) portage. The trail showed signs of some use.

Portage into Tamarack Lake -Boiling Sand River – satellite image

After P43 we stopped for lunch on the side of the river.

lunch break on the Boiling Sand River- we had three days to do about twenty kilometers! Easy does it!

Then we paddled for a bit up Tamarack Lake  to what looked like a decent campsite.  It was only 2:00  but we decided to end the day here.  We were right across from an outpost (Mattice Lake Outfitters?). We were also 11 kilometers from Collins Via train stop.

fresh coffee being made at our Tamarack lake campsite

the evening view from our Boiling Sand River campsite just north of Tamarack Lake

Our tickets for that VIA train ride back to Toronto’ Unions Station had a fixed date.  We now had two days to kill at the top of the Boiling Sand River.  Not being fishing aficionados, we contented ourselves with taking photos, drinking coffee,  and picking blueberries, lots and lots of blueberries!

With blueberries all around and lots of time to kill, we start picking- and eating.

In our youth in the Abitibi, in the summer we’d go into the bush surrounding the mining town we grew up in and pick blueberries – and then knock on doors with our four-quart baskets hoping to make a sale that would get us Spiderman comics and creamsicles.  25¢ for a basket!!

However, on days 13 and 14, there were no potential takers – other than the bears we did not want to tempt to our campsite – for the ridiculous amount of blueberries we picked! Still, it was a soothing thing to do – Zen and The Art of Picking Berries! – and brought back memories!

Days 13 & 14: Tamarack Lake to Gnome Lake To Bath Lake

distance: 8 km. + 3 km. = 11 km.!

From Tamarack Lake to Collins Lake, there are four short portages.

  • P44 90 meters from Tamarack Lake into Gnome Lake
  • P45 175 meters from Gnome Lake upriver (still the Boiling Sand)
  • P46 105 meters into Bath Lake
  • P47 200 meters from Bath lake across the CN tracks into Collins Lake

teepee poles on the side of a portage trail

We’re suckers for shoreline reflections.

morning on the Boiling Sand River

a public service announcement on a rock face near the boundary of the park

our second-last campsite

the bit of food we had left was up in the tree and down in the bay were the eight quarts of blueberries. We wanted to keep them cool- we just managed to get them wet!

sunset on the second last night

same sunset a few minutes later!

failed attempt at drying out 15 liters of blueberries- we would later dump them all into Bath Lake! It was a painful experience!

our handiwork on display- all for naught

Day Fifteen: Bath Lake To Collins

distance: 5 km. 

We got up a little early this day just to make sure we’d be at the Collins VIA stop on time. I  really should have found out how to indicate where we wanted to be picked up at the side of the tracks on the portage from Bath Lake. However, the VIA rep in Montreal that I spoke to did not have a clue and, unfortunately, I did not pursue the matter.  Here is the information I should have had – the mileage marker for Bath lake –

Wabakimi VIA Mileage Markers for Canoe Insertion/Extraction[      See here for the source of the above information and more background.]


What I needed was the mileage marker for Bath lake – i.e. 19.3 – when I bought the tickets. Not having the mileage marker and not wanting to risk standing on the side of the tracks and having the train blow past as we flagged it down, we paddled into Collins Lake and up to the small settlement on the north side of the lake.

the rail line runs past Bath Lake from Collins- we would portage over it the next morning. We should have just arranged to meet the train at the portage point instead of paddling to Collins!

Collins [a community without official Band Status but with the name Namaygoosisagagun First Nation]  is a railside Anishinaabe community of perhaps forty people that would have shifted from being a summertime settlement to a permanent one after the railway line came through in the 1880s.   [See here for the Collins community’s web page. It does include the statement that “Namaygoosisagagun has been in existence since time immemorial “.]  Band Status would presumably give the community leaders access to government funds and powers that their current non-status does not.

Collins, Ontario – satellite view

The community is made of up families who are registered to one of the following Treaties – Treaty #3, the Robison-Superior Treaty, and Treaty #9.  Those families living on the north shore of Collins Lake itself at that time would have been included in the Robinson-Superior Treaty of 1850 since Collins Lake is a part of the Superior drainage basin. Its outlet at the south end of the lake – the Collins River – drains into the Kopka River system which ends up in Lake Nipigon.  Any Indigenous families living a few kilometers northeast on the Boiling Sand River or Smoothrock Lake would have been registered to Treaty No. 9 (signed in 1905) since they were in the James Bay drainage basin.

On the beach where we landed, were three unoccupied tourist/visitors’ cabins. A local came down the road on his ATV while we were carrying our gear from the beach up towards the VIA waiting room – perhaps the most dilapidated building in the entire community, it looked like local youth had taken it over and turned it into a clubhouse!  See the images below. It was also one of those closest to the tracks and most likely to be seen by those VIA passengers staring out of their windows.

the Collins signpost on the side of the tracks  – the waiting room behind

the waiting room at the Collins unofficial I.R. VIA rail stop

We waited for the eastbound VIA train for an hour or so and, once we got the canoe and the gear into the baggage car, hopped on board and headed for the dining car and our first non-oatmeal breakfast in two weeks!  A day later – just a couple of hours late – we would be rolling down the Don Valley and into Toronto’s Union Station.

the eastbound VIA- just a little bit late!

the breakfast table in the VIA dining car – plush!

Check out the other two parts of our account of our 2011 Wabakimi Paddle. There is one post that focuses on the fires we paddled into- and another post that looks at (mostly) the Beckwith Cabins on Best Island and the Ogoki Lodge just to the south of Grage Island on Whitewater Lake.

Smoke Over Wabakimi – Canoe Tripping In A Season of Fires

Wabakimi’s Ogoki Lodge and the Beckwith Cabins: “All Things Must Pass”

If you have any questions about the logistics of the trip, suggestions on how to make the post more useful or corrections we need to make, or general comments on what you’ve read,  please drop me a line at true_north @mac.com


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Wabakimi Canoe Trip: Days 9 and 10 – McKinley Bay to Smoothrock Lake

Previous Post: Days 7 and 8 – From The Grayson River To Best island Via Ogoki Lodge and the Beckwith Cabins

Day Nine: Best Island To Lonebreast Bay of Smoothrock lake – Bussey I. 

distance: 22 km. 

paddling south on McKinley Bay at 6:00 a.m., intent on leaving Thunder Bay 57 behind

We got up at 5:00 the next morning and were into McKinley Bay by 6 a.m., intent on paddling away from the new fire and way down into Lonebreast Bay to the south by 11:00.

Portages from Whitewater lake To McKinley Lake

After knocking off the first three portages of the day –  we finally made a one-hour breakfast stop on a flat elevated rock in the middle of the lake after P38. None are difficult although it was our second time through and we still had trouble finding P36! The bay is quite reedy so it can be a challenge to find the trailhead if you are the first party through in a while.

Below is our breakfast rock! We had left Best Island without even a cup of coffee thanks to those sandflies!

a late breakfast in the middle of  the nameless lake between McKinley and Laurent Lakes

We continued south after breakfast to the next portage.  Just as we got to the end of P 39, it started to rain – not the torrential downpour we had seen on Grayson Lake but still a nice long soak which was sure to cool down the bush around us. We had arrived at 11:15; we didn’t leave until 1:00 p.m.!

me getting instant feedback on a shot I’ve taken while sitting under the tarp at the end of the portage – this was the first canoe trip where we were happy every time it started raining!

We spent over an hour sitting under that tarp, sipping on coffee, taking too many pix and celebrating the downpour. It washed away the tension of the previous day and a half and, except for a whiff that we got the next night at our Smoothrock Lake camp, that would be it for smoke and fire.

This is what I was looking at in the above shot! I wasn’t sure if the raindrops would be sharp enough.

With the portage from Laurent Lake into Lonebreast Bay, that would also be it for portages and rapids for a couple of days. Other than the initial difficulty of finding the portage trail at the south end of McKinley Bay, the six carries from McKinley Bay to Lonebreast Bay are quick and easy.

We paddled down Lonebreast Bay for an hour and pulled ashore on Bussey Island.  There is an established campsite there – tucked away and nicely sheltered. Also on site was a plaque left by friends of a deceased paddler who had spent time on the island. One note about the campsite – not everyone found it as we did. Here is a Canadian Canoe Routes forum member’s account of what he found –

Bussey Island when I went to scout it was a trash heap.. The water full of dead fish skins.. The island trashed with tp and propane ( 10 lb ) bottles. I went on. There is another campsite on the south shore about 2 km west of Bussey. Best for soloist. mccr source

There is a fishing lodge down the main part of Smoothrock Lake which may explain the mess found.  Lodge guests and their guide probably use the island for fish fry lunches.

our campsite on Bussey Island in Lonebreast Bay Smoothrock Lake Wabakimi

Day Ten: Lonebreast Bay To Smoothrock Lake Central

distance: 11 km. 

the breakfast table on the beach- notice the coffee filters for the real coffee we brought along for the first time. From now on, no more instant coffee!

After a leisurely two-cups-of-coffee start to the day, we headed south on Lonebreast Bay. Our objective for the day was to hit Smoothrock Lake Central and then find a campsite that would put us in a good position for the next day’s paddle down the west arm of the Lake.

Smoothrock Lake – Bays and Arms

a stretch of beautiful shoreline on Lonebreast Bay as we paddle south

We found our spot on a small island at the hub of Smoothrock Lake, an elevated spot with a flat top, some trees to provide shade and a windscreen and a nice breeze on the rock sloping down to the water.  We set up our tent and hung our sleeping bags on a line we set up to take advantage of the sun and wind.

All in all, it was an easy day after the 5 a.m. get-up the day before on Best Island’s South Beach.

a terrific campsite on a small island at the top of Smoothrock Lake

the same spot- a different angle!

Next Post: Days 11 to 15 – Killing Time on Smoothrock Lake’s West Arm and The Boiling Sand River

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Wabakimi Canoe Trip: Days 7 and 8 – The Grayson River and Whitewater Lake

Previous Post: Days 5 and 6 – Down The Ogoki, The Palisade, and the Grayson Rivers

Day Seven: Grayson River To Whitewater 

distance: 9 km. !

The next morning we got up later than usual and had a leisurely breakfast while all of our wet gear was spread out in the sun.  We were feeling better now that we had turned the corner on Thunder Bay 50 and with every stroke south and east, we would be getting further away! We were also entering water we had just paddled the summer before.

The goal for the day was a modest one – a campsite on one of the small islands just to the west of Porter Island.  A short carry over P34 and we were at the mouth of the Grayson River.  Once on Whitewater Lake, a look back north confirmed that the fire was still smoldering but we were heading in the right direction.

paddling into Whitewater Lake with the smoke of Fire Thunder Bay 50 about 10 km to the NW

We found a nice tucked-away-from-the-wind campsite on the east side of a small island on the west side of Porter Island.  We had moved nine kilometers – but we were fine with it!

a sheltered campsite on a small island on the west side of Porter Island

The sunset that evening was impacted by the ash particles in the air.

setting sun obscured by smoke from Thunder Bay 50

the end of day on our sheltered island campsite- time to look for Group of Seven photo ops!

dusk and we walk by a quiet little bay on our circuit of the island

Day Eight: Whitewater Lake west end to Best Island (South Beach)

distance: 22 km. 

With breakfast done,  we paddled down the west side of Porter Island and over to the channel on the west side of Grange Island that leads right to the Ogoki Lodge.  We had visited the property the year before but dropped in for another look. You can read the entire story about the Lodge and how it came to be in this related post –

The Ogoki Lodge And The Beckwith Cabins: “All Things Must Pass”

the main Ogoki Lodge building and the dock

Then it was down into Secret Lake and back east into Whitewater Lake again.  There is one easy portage to get you into Secret Lake. Then it is a turn to the east and back to Whitewater Lake, dealing with some shallow water and probable canoe hauling in spots if the water is low. (It was both times we’ve gone through here.)

water is in short supply as we do that last stretch leading from Secret Lake back into Whitewater Lake

Once back into Whitewater Lake from the Secret Lake short-cut, it was time to head down to the Beckwith Cabins on Best island.  The year before we had somehow missed them on our way down the west shore of the island since we weren’t exactly sure where they were. We were better prepared this time.

the south end of Whitewater Lake in  Wabakimi P.P.

the blue tarp covering the broken roof of one of the Beckwith cabins

We would spend some time on the island checking out the various structures that an American recluse built in the 1970s and 80s.  We ended up putting together an entire post on our visit to the Cabins, as well as to the Ogoki Lodge Complex. Click on the title for more pix and info on two interesting Wabakimi stories:

The Ogoki Lodge And The Beckwith Cabins: “All Things Must Pass”

looking into one of the Wendell Beckwith cabins during our visit to Best Island…see the section titled Ogoki Lodge and the Beckwith Cabins for more photos.

A trail leads from this sandy beach to the Beckwith cabins. Apparently, Beckwith himself died on this beach in 1980.

Near the beach is a fairly large flat area where groups of paddlers have tented. We decided to camp at the south end of the island instead.

While there is a campsite on the beach near the cabins, we decided to push on. We had something new to factor in – something troubling that we had noticed in the bush about five kilometers west of  Best Island. It was another fire! More smoke!  (We would later learn that it was given the name Thunder Bay 57.)

a new fire to worry about- Thunder Bay 57 just to the west of  Best Island and the Cree cottages

Thunder Bay 57 to the west of the Ojibwa cottages

the cottages in the southwest corner of Whitewater Lake – property of Whitesand First Nation?

We headed to the south end of Best Island, across from the Mattice Lake Outfitter Lodge where we found a tent spot. Nearby is also a collection of a half-dozen cottages probably belonging to the Whitesand First Nation at Armstrong Station. We figured that it would be a safe place to be even in a fire situation given the amount of property nearby that would surely be protected!

The Caribbean-like sand beach goes on for a couple of kilometers on the south end of Best island. (Good luck with the sandflies if you decide to tent there!)  BTW it is a bit hazy because of a second fire – Thunder Bay 57 –  just west of our campsite.

Whitewater Lake Wabakimi – south end properties

MLO fishing/hunting lodge and cabins on Whitewater Lake – Note: in 2020 the lodge had a new owner

The sand flies, however, would make the half-day we spent here our #1 worst campsite in thirty years. It took over this ranking from the previous #1, our tent spot at the start of the portage trail going from the Missinaibi River to Brunswick Lake.  We wore our rain gear to protect most of our bodies; my cheeks were numb for the next day thanks to all the bites!

The air was thick with smoke and ash from the fire was falling onto our tent.  Seeing a helicopter land at the outfitters’  lodge across the water, we went over and chatted with the crew foreman about the situation.  They were there to set up the hoses to create a water sprinkler perimeter and get the water pump motors running.  He said we should have no problem paddling south into Lonebreast Bay the next morning.

Next Post: Days 9 and 10 – From Whitewater To Smoothrock Lake Via McKinley Bay

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