- distance to the summit from Barafu Camp: 5.1 km.
- time: 6 hrs. 15 minutes to the summit; 2 hr. 35 min. back to Barafu Camp
- altitude gain: 1225m/4019ft.
It was the climax of the trek – the walk uphill to Kibo’s rim at Stella Point and then along the rim a bit more to Uhuru Peak – but until after Stella Point all I got were the GPS track and the heart rate reading generated by my Polar M430 and one single image – the shot below which I took at 2:45 a.m.!!
Kilimanjaro summit morning 2:45 a.m.
Wake-up had been at 11 p.m. I had slept a little and when I wasn’t I was listening to the wind blowing hard and hoping it would not be doing that for the duration of our climb up the exposed slope of the mountain. I had packed everything that was coming along for the walk to the summit earlier that evening to avoid any last-minute panic.
My spare camera batteries were already in the chest pocket of my wool base layer. Before exiting my tent, I packed everything I would not be needing into the duffel and locked up the zipper. Our tents would remain standing for our estimated 9:00 to 10:00 a.m. return when we would crawl in for a brief rest.
Out of the tent into the dark and over to the dining tent for a cup of tea and some cookies – I think – and then we waited for the signal to start our midnight adventure. Bottles and bladders were filled with hot water. Going up with the five of us would be the three guides and – to provide extra emergency support – two of the lead porters, Fella and George.
the trail from Barafu to Stella Point and Uhuru Peak
We started off shortly after midnight. Already visible on the slopes was a string of headlamps bobbing up and down. Every once in a while I would glance up and see a something much brighter – a star above Kibo. Mostly I focussed on the legs of the person walking ahead of me and walked into the zone of light created by my headlamp.
The wind was still blowing hard from the SE and we would feel its full force every time the switchback trail turned in its direction. The temperature was a bit below freezing; I had on multiple layers to keep in my body heat!
On the bottom, I had on my warmest fleece long johns, my nylon trekking pants, and my Goretex rain pants. On top, the four layers included a fleece base layer, a wool layer, a synthetic insulation layer, and my goose down jacket. My head was covered with a balaclava, a wool hat, and the two hoods of my top jackets. I would detach the goose down hood and give it to Fella soon into the walk.
the trail from Stella Point to Uhuru Peak – just 150 meters of altitude more!
We took a few breaks on our way up. Amazingly, we eventually walked past all but one of those strings of light that we had seen on our departure. In retrospect, we made really good time even if we didn’t feel it at the time! During one break I did something I have never done before on a summit hike – I accessed my workout playlist on my iPhone and started listening to some music. It really seemed to help and gave me something else to focus on.
At about 5:30 we got to Stella Point, the point on the crater rim where the trail comes up to. It was still dark so I did not bother to take any photos; I figured I’d get some on the way back. And then a bit of confusion – one of us had flopped down on the ground thinking that this was Uhuru Peak! We rested for a few minutes and moved on.
Thirty-five minutes later we were there – at what all the travel brochures call the Roof of Africa! There was one other party there already. We watched as they went through a bunch of different variations of photos – of trekkers only, of guides only, of trekkers and guides, of everybody with banners, solo shots… In the meanwhile, we took in the view from the spot that we had been looking at for the past week.
Shortly after we arrived at Uhuru Peak the sun came up and the camera came out! The sky was brightening with the just-rising sun. I looked towards Mawenzi, Kilimanjaro’s other peak and got the image below. It was 6:21 a.m.
sunrise to the east of Kibo on Mount Kilimanjaro
Then I turned west to look at the distant profile of Mount Meru, a trek to whose summit I had used as a warm-up for this walk to Uhuru Peak.
looking west from Uhuru Peak – a sunrise panorama
Behind us, other trekkers were approaching Uhuru Peak and the signboard that marks the spot. They would soon be waiting for us while we did a photo session not unlike the one we were watching unfold!
trekkers approaching Uhuru Peak from Stella Point
a satellite view of the top of Kibo with Mawenzi in the background to the east
And shortly after 6:30 – photo time for our Canadian/American summit team!
the Popote Team group photo at Uhuru Peak – 6:31
We were up by the signboard for about 15 minutes in all and by 6:35 had already begun our return to Stella Point. Everyone had made it and if anyone wasn’t feeling 100% it was not evident. Our Popote crew had taken good care of us on the way up, setting a pole pole (slowly, slowly in Swahili) pace and taking on extra stuff in their packs so that ours would be a bit lighter.
If we were feeling a sense of elation at having “conquered” Kilimanjaro – such a military metaphor that harkens back to another age – then the Popote guys were relieved not to have faced any complications and satisfied that they had helped us reach our goal.
group photo – Popote team on Kibo top – from Mary Ella’s files
From our vantage point next to the Uhuru Peak signboard, there was a nice chunk of ice to the west, a remnant of the Southern Icefield. In the photo below it is being lit up by the rising sun.
a glacial remnant to the west of Uhuru Peak
And beyond the glacier remnant, there was Meru again.
a sunrise view of Mount Meru from Uhuru Peak
our three guides waiting for the signal to go back down to Stella Point – 6:32
A Little About That Uhuru Peak Sign!
The iconic sign at the top of Kibo on Mount Kilimanjaro figures in thousands of photos that celebrate good luck, personal achievement, and the will to see something through to the very top! The signboard itself has gone through some changes over time. A few minutes with the Google image search function and I came up with these –
The Original Signboard
or, at least, the one that was there before January 2012, is pictured below. It had four somewhat off-kilter horizontal boards and a registration box at its foot with a registry in it where trekkers would leave their names. Other images have a larger registry box elevated from the ground and stretching across the entire width of the sign’s support posts.
the original Uhuru Peak signboard with registry box
- Here is another image of the same sign but with the various boards much more horizontal. It may actually be the original one and eventually came to look like the one in the first image.
Uhuru Peak sign with four horizontal boards
- By 2011 the sign had lost the bottom board; also, the box at the foot of the sign had disappeared. While someone looking for a unique souvenir may be responsible, it is much more likely that they got blown away in a severe windstorm.
Draping the bottom of the sign in this image is a set of Tibetan Buddhist prayer flags, always a nice touch on mountaintop shrines the world over!
See my post: Blowin’ In The Wind: An Appreciation of Tibetan Buddhist Prayer Flags
4. The New Yellow/Green Sign (2012-2014)
In late 2011/early 2012, the Park officials replaced the iconic sign with the new one pictured below. It was not embraced with enthusiasm by the trekkers who made it to the top! They did not want bland and neat – they wanted the classic and iconic sign that was there before!
the short-lived Green Uhuru Peak signboard
5. The New Old Sign!
By mid-2014 the feedback had been negative enough that the green/yellow sign was removed and replaced with one which looked a lot like the first one above, right down to the askew third horizontal board. There is no registry box at the foot of the sign but someone has been good enough to fasten a set of prayer flags to the bottom of the posts.
So Where Are the Glaciers?
There is a bit of ice and snow at the top of Kilimanjaro’s Kibo but not as much as I was expecting. An estimated 85% of the glacial covering has disappeared in the past 100 years. Amazing to think that most of the glacial ice just turns into vapour and not the streams I pictured pouring down the slopes of the mountain!
Here are three images of the glacier cover on top of Kibo . The first shows what it looked like in the early 1970s; the other two are satellite images from 2002 and 2019.
1. Early 1970’s:
Kilimanjaro – Kibo glacier coverage map – early 1970’s
2. December 30, 2002
Kilimanjaro Kibo top glacier cover 12/30/2002
3. February 19, 2019
Kibo/Kilimanjaro glacier cover as of February 2019
Feb. 2019 – another angle
the Snows of Kilimanjaro – gone within my lifetime – i.e.2035
The satellite images show the ever-shrinking Northern, Southern, and Eastern Icefields as well as the disappearing Furtwangler Glacier not far from Crater Camp.
The image below is of the ice patch immediately to the SW of the Uhuru Peak signboard. I had also taken a photo of it when we first arrived – see a few images above for the shot.
another view of a remnant of the Southern Icefield to the SW of Uhuru Peak
Fifty years ago there were glaciers on the southern slopes of Kilimanjaro with names like Diamond, Balletto, Heim, Kersten, and Decken. And now? Not much more than the glacial patch you see in the image above.
looking back to Uhuru Peak – our main guide Dixon coming down – 6:50 a.m.
When we neared Stella Point on our descent from Uhuru Peak, I did turn back to the north and get the following shot. It shows some recent snowfall as well as what is left of the Furtwangler glacier on the middle left side of the image. I wish I had done a better job of documenting what is still up there.
Here is an internet-sourced image of the section inside the box. It was taken in 2014 and the perspective is a bit different but it does capture the Furtwangler Glacier nicely. It looks like the Northern Icefield has receded somewhat over the past five years. As for the Furtwangler, it is losing some of its current 15-meter (50 ft) thickness each year.
2014 image of the Furtwangler
When I first considered the various routes up to the top of Kilimanjaro, I was attracted to one that included a night at Crater Camp, located not far from the Furtwangler Glacier. In the end, a trip report which highlighted the absolute mess of that Crater Camp has become thanks to lack of sewage disposal turned me off the idea. Also, if an ascent of Kilimanjaro is already fairly rapid by most acclimatization protocols, then a night at Crater Camp at 5700 meters was just compounding the potential problems.
The image below – internet-sourced – with the person standing in the middle of the interior of the Furtwangler Glacier gets across the thickness of the glacier – perhaps 15 meters. I am not sure when the photo was taken; we can expect it to shrink another meter or so each year. By 2035 it should be gone!
inside the Furtwangler glacier
We were soon back down at Stella Point and walking past a group of just-arrived trekkers who were celebrating the success of this stage of their journey. I spoke there with an American trekker who had spent the night at Crater Camp with his wife. For the past few hours, she had exhibited worsening altitude sickness symptoms, so they were making their descent to Barafu Camp. Their guides were carrying their packs. Unfortunately, they had left their walk up to Uhuru Peak for this morning; now they were on their way down without having done it. So close…
Stella Point signboard – time 7:00 a.m.
Like the signboard up at Uhuru Peak, this new copy of the old one has also replaced the unpopular yellow/green version that only lasted a couple of years.
The Return To Barafu Camp:
And then the descent. If walking uphill on scree is awkward, it is even more so on the way down. We would lose 1200 meters in 2 1/2 hours and eat a lot of dust being kicked up in the process. You have two choices – either get in front of the line so there is no one kicking up dust ahead of you or take a break every once in a while to put some distance between you and those ahead of you. I found the first option to be the better one!
The photo below was taken perhaps fifteen minutes into our descent from Stella Point. Already visible in the image is Barafu Camp, with its tents just to the right of the black bump in the middle.
the return from Uhuru Peak to Barafu Camp – 7:04 a,m.
On the way down I peeled off successive layers of clothing, top and bottom. It was a beautiful sunny morning on the slopes of Kilimanjaro, a lot different from the cold and windy early morning that we had spent on our way up to the crater rim.
looking up the trail towards the crater rim and Stella Point
By 9:00 we were all back in camp, receiving congrats and a cup of juice from one of the porters who had remained in camp. The juice went down easy and it also reminded me that I had not had hardly anything to drink for the past nine hours! Before we left camp at midnight I had filled both my one-liter Nalgene bottle and my two-liter bladder with hot water. One liter of water weighs 1 kg. or 2.2 lbs. I had carried 3 kg./6.6 lbs. of water up the hill. Of that, I drank 1/2 liter! Yikes!
Bartafu Camp coming up – the return from Uhuru Peak
We spent a leisurely morning at our campsite, relaxing in our tents or basking in the sunshine. My boots and my base layers were draped on some flat rocks to dry out in the sun. My water intake had also increased to make up for the past nine hours!
The trail to the ranger’s hut and the registration book passed right by the Popote campsite. I watched as a large group of maybe twenty trekkers filed by. As I scanned their faces, I was sure I saw a few that looked at least a year or two older than Mark and I!
From Barafu Camp To High Camp:
from Barafu (4660 meters) to High Camp (3827 meters)
We left Barafu Camp shortly after noon. The usual post-summit itinerary for groups who have done the Lemosho, the Machame, or the Umbwe routes is to descend via the Mweka route to Mweka Gate. It is a 16-km/10-m walk to the end and, given the morning’s massive energy expenditure, the distance is divided into two days. Trekking groups will either stop for the night at
- High Camp (aka Millennium or Rescue Camp) at 3827m/12,556 ft. – about 4.2 km
- Mweka Camp at 3106m/10,190 ft. – about 6.5 km from Barafu
and then finish the trek the next morning.
Our target was High Camp, increasingly the site chosen by trekking groups thanks to an accessible water source. It doesn’t hurt that it is also an hour or so less far than Mweka Camp. At 6:30 a.m. we were at 5895 m; by mid-afternoon, we’d be at 3827m!
Everyone was in high spirits as we set off. Someone commented – “Just think how we’d be feeling right now going down if we hadn’t made it to the top!” and all agreed it would hurt to have invested so much time and energy and money and not quite – for whatever reason – getting to the top.
About twenty minutes into our afternoon walk, I looked back and got a shot of Barafu camp and then I seem to have put away my camera and just focussed on the steady downward path.
I had burned up almost 5000 calories getting to the summit and then returning to Barafu in the morning.
The afternoon would prove to be much less stressful – though that 519 kcal figure seems much too low. Then again, it was a very easy walk!
the High Camp signboard – the elevation figures I use come from the Stedman guidebook
In any case, by 3:00 we were at High Camp and – as always – found the Popote camp all set up on our arrival. The majority of the crew who did not make the ascent had enjoyed a few hours of off-time at Barafu while their guests set off at midnight for Uhuru Peak. Now they had one more morning of hauling and their job would be done.
Next Post: Day 8 – High (Millennium) Camp to Mweka Gate