The High Passes of Everest Trek – Chhukhung – Kongma La – Kala Pattar Days 8 – 10

Table of Contents:

Previous Post: Namche to Chhukhung – Days 4 – 7 

Next Post: Lobuche To the Gokyo Lakes Via Cho La – Days 11 -14


From Chhukung to Kala Patthar

See here for the Himalayan Maphouse source of the map. Paper copies available in Kathmandu

After spending a couple of nights at Chhukhung it was time to move on. The Chhukhung Ri hike had extended our acclimatization further; we would be ready to cross the first of the High Passes of our Everest trek, the Kongma La  (5535 m) between Kongma Tse and Pokalde.

While the crossing to Lobuche can be done in one long day, we divided it into two shorter days. Then, having set up camp at Lobuche, we spent a day walking up the glacier towards Everest Base Camp and Mount Everest itself. After spending an hour on the “top” of Kala Patthar, we returned to Lobuche for the night and then continued on to Gokyo the next morning.

kml file of the route: The file is in my Dropbox folder. Click on the download prompt in the top left-hand corner and open in Google Earth


Day 8-From Chhukung to High Camp Before Kongma La

on the way to Kongma La and looking down on the Imja Khola valley and Chhukhung

Our objective for the day- it was November 6 –  was an easy one. It began with a 1.5 km walk down the Imja Khola valley. Then we began our walk up to the pass on the west side of the Nuptse Glacier. Below the pass is the high camp for summit climbs of Pokalde (a 5806 m trekking peak). It served as our campsite for the night.

This meant another day to enjoy the views of the Imja Khola valley and – as in this image – of Imja Tse. The north face of Ama Dablam also continued to draw our eyes – and our lenses!

the Imja Khola valley and Imja Tse (Island Peak) at the top left

our yaks heading up to the campsite for the night below Kongma La with Ama Dablam in the background

Early arrival at our camp for the night meant there was time to walk up the steep slope below which we were camped. I made my way to the pass and the small puddle of a glacial lake on the plateau but left the view of the Khumbu Glacier and Lobuche for the next morning!

campsite before Kongma La with Ama Dablam in the distance


Day 9 – Kongma La Camp To Lobuche

from Kongma La high camp across the Khumbu Gto Lobuche

morning camp on the Imja Khola side of Kongma La

A slight dusting of snow had fallen overnight. It gave the neighbourhood a different look! There is a plateau that we walked across, skirting the small lake on our way to the prayer flags on the west side that marked the actual pass.

approaching Kongma La on a sunny morning in November

small lake on the plateau just before Kongma La

looking back towards Ama Dablam as we climb towards Kongma La

looking back from Kongma La with the Nuptse ridge in the background

An added element of excitement was added by our yak caravan. To see these seemingly ungainly and awkward beasts dance their way up the slopes is always a reminder not to judge too quickly. The Canadian bush equivalent is the moose, the ballet dancer of the boreal forest, also much more agile and graceful than you’d expect! Unlike the moose, the yak gets to have a load strapped to his body. In the image below you can see our caravan approaching the steep part of the climb up to the pass.

looking down at our yaks as they get ready to ascend to Kongma La

our six yaks being readied for Kongma La ascent

Kongma La- mandatory “I was here” pose  with Nuptse behind

looking down towards Khumbu from Kongma La

In no rush on this day, we sat down below the prayer flags at the pass and looked west and down at the Khumbu Glacier. Our destination for the day was on the other side of the Glacier – Lobuche (also Lobuje). It is located just to the left of the foot of the Lobuche Glacier which comes down to the Khumbu Glacier in the image below.

looking down at the Khumbu Glacier and Lobuche (almost center of image)

Eventually, we made our way down from the pass and stopped to watch the yaks as they descended. I wonder how many trekking groups still make use of yaks, given the ready availability of teahouses along almost all of the route we followed. Of our 19 nights out, we only camped away from a teahouse – or anything else! – on three occasions. Had we done the Kongma La crossing in one long day, there would have been less need for tents.

Looking back towards Kongma La from the Khumbu side

yaks descending Kongma La to the Khumbu Glacier

We crossed Kongma La on a beautiful sunny morning in November. Unstated but necessary to remember is what some serious weather would have done to our little walk at high altitude. Imagine a heavy snowfall and add strong winds and visibility of no more than thirty feet – or twenty – and all of a sudden it isn’t a moderately challenging walk anymore. Now it is a full-out mountaineering challenge that you’re facing.

This is one of those situations where I am glad to be guided by local professionals who have done the trek many times before and have probably faced the scenario I just described.

our yaks continue their descent to the Khumbu Glacier from Kongma La 

We crossed the Khumbu Glacier and came to Lobuche, a small trekker/climber settlement to the south of the toe of the Lobuche Glacier.

“downtown” Lobuche with trekkers’ tents and lodges

Taking A Room At The Lodge/Teahouse

When we got to Lobuche I decided that for a couple of nights I would splurge and, instead of sleeping in the tent, I would take a room in the lodge in whose front yard our tents were set up. It would cost about $3 a night and in truth the room was no warmer than the tent – i.e. about -5˚ C. However, it was nice to have that extra space over my head and the sleeping bag was definitely not as damp in the morning from the condensation which drips down from the tent walls thanks to the two people per tent.   I even had a night table – all in all, pretty plush given where we were!

From this point on  I would abandon the tent and my tent mate whenever possible for the comfort of a teahouse bed. Some of the trekkers spent every night in their tents and were fine with it. My rationalization:  having spent a total of about $4000. on the trip, an extra $3. a night on more luxurious accommodation was an easy upgrade to make!


Day 10 – Up Khumbu Glacier To Kala Pattar

Himalayan Maphouse map…hard copies available in Kathmandu

Lobuche up the Khumbu Glacier to Kala Pattar and Everest Base Camp

November 8 in Lobuche – Exodus tents in a fresh dusting of snow

going up the west side of the Khumbu Glacier to Gorak Shep and Kala Patthar

Above Lobuche, there is one last settlement (Gorak Shep) where lodge accommodation and tent spaces are available. There was a time when Gorak Shep served as Base Camp for summit attempts up the Khumbu Icefall to the south col.   Beyond that are, on the Khumbu Glacier itself, Everest Base Camp, and to the NW of Gorak Shep the trail up to the top of Kala Patthar. There are reasons for including both in a trek to the top of the Khumbu.


Gorak Shep (5,164 m/16,942 ft) 

approaching Gorak Shep from Lobuche – notice the trekkers setting off for Kala Pattar

one of the lodges of Gorak Shep

junk food on display at Gorak Shep tuck shop – a Mars Bar, anyone?

Gorak Shep- ladders waiting for Sherpas to carry to the Khumbu Icefall


Everest Base Camp or Kala Pattar – Which One to Do?

  • Gorak Shep                  5164 m/16,942 ft
  • Everest Base Camp   5364 m/17,598 ft
  • Kala Pattar                  5644 m/18,519 ft

To visit Everest Base Camp (5364 m/17,598 ft) – and to see the tents of the climbing parties readying themselves for an upcoming summit attempt – certainly has that “cool” factor associated with it.

The actual climbing groups at Base Camp cannot be too thrilled at being a tourist attraction as a stream of day hikers come up and gawk at the proceedings.

And Kala Pattar (5644 m/18,519 ft)? Well, the panorama from the top of the “Black Rock” is unmatched. You’re actually about 300 m higher than you would be at Base Camp. In fact, since you can’t actually see the summit of Everest from Base Camp on the Glacier, Kala Pattar is the place to be for the best views. The cost? One and a half hours to climb the 500 m from Gorak Shep (5164 m).

Our itinerary included only one of the two objectives – Kala Pattar. In retrospect, it was the right choice given the schedule we were following. Independent trekkers could always visit Base Camp one day, stay at Gorak Shep for the night, and then climb to the top of Kala Patthar the next morning before walking back down to Lobuche.


The Verge headline – also the source of the Base Camp image

This news item from June 2022 – Everest’s base camp is melting – means its days are numbered! Though the new location has not yet been revealed, the stated 200 to 400-meter drop in altitude suggests that the lateral moraine and dry lake bed of  Gorak Shep will become the new base camp site. The further down the glacier from Gorak Shep, the longer the walk back up will be. Time will tell!


Kala Pattar:

Kala Pattar is a point on the south ridge of Pumori. The landmark is festooned with prayer flags and takes a couple of hours to get to. It is also the best spot for views of the neighbourhood, with even climbers at Everest Base Camp walking up to get views they cannot get from their tenting location on the glacier.

The satellite image below shows its black top. [Kala is the Hindi word for “black,” and pattar means “rock.”Pattar is also spelled Patthar in some guidebooks and on the map above.]

There was a light dusting of snow the morning we were there. We had a clear blue sky on our visit; the later in the day you go up, the more likely it is that things will cloud over.

Gorak Shep with Kala Pattar and Pumo Ri in the background

The View From Kala Pattar:

Everest summit and Khumbu Glacier from Kala Patthar slopes

Kala Patthar view of Khumbu Glacier and Icefall

Everest Base Camp sits at the top of the Khumbu Glacier on the left lower middle of the image above. Walking to the Base Camp would give you a great close-up view of the Icefall, which is the first significant challenge faced by summiteers. One thing it doesn’t provide you is an actual view of the summit! Given that most of us will never stand on the top of Everest, hiking to the top of Kala Patthar is the best vantage point.

gorakshep to everest base camp

If you want to check out a remarkable panorama, this one by David Breashears, stitched together from 400 images he took from a viewpoint above Everest Base Camp in 2012, is a must-see. The detail is so fine that you can zoom in on the tents of Base Camp, and if you go back down the Khumbu Glacier, you can see the buildings which make up Gorak Shep. You can even see the trail leading down to them.

Everest up close from Kala Patthar slopes

Everest summit with Nuptse to the south

If you want some help visualizing the ascent from Base Camp to the top of Everest, this 3D recreation of the route will give you a great perspective on what people are paying agencies $60,000. to experience.

looking from Kala Patthar down The Khumbu Glacier and Ama Dablam

The view south from the top of Kala Patthar

The new-for-this-trip Sony H2 camera that I shot most of these images with also had a video mode; being a recent convert from film SLR, I rarely even remembered to use the video format, and when I did, the results were pretty amateurish. Here is my effort from the top of Kala Patthar, panning north and east over the most impressive mountainscape in the world. This definitely goes on that list of moments I wish I could do over again so I could do it better.

looking up to Everest summit from Kala Patthar with Pumo Ri in the background

Everest pilgrims and Pumo Ri

We couldn’t have had better weather for our day up-close-and-personal with Sagarmatha (Mount Everest). After over an hour on top of the “Black Rock,” we made our way back down- first to Gorak Shep and a cup of coffee in the lodge restaurant and then down the trail back to Lobuche, where we’d sleep a second night.

Again, there is a logic to walking high during the day and descending to a lower altitude to sleep. The itineraries the various trekking companies follow are designed to minimize altitude sickness. The trekkers most frequently complaining of problems with the altitude were those trekkers intent on racing up and down the Khumbu instead of giving their bodies the time needed to adapt to the higher altitude.

The following day we’d be moving from Lobuche to the next valley to the west via our second high pass, Cho La. The following post will cover this terrain, as well as our two-day stay in the Gokyo lakes area with its views that rival those of Kala Pattar.


Next Post: Lobuche To the Gokyo Lakes Via Cho La – Days 11 -14

This entry was posted in hiking/trekking, Nepal and tagged , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

1 Response to The High Passes of Everest Trek – Chhukhung – Kongma La – Kala Pattar Days 8 – 10

  1. Courtney Knauth says:

    Hi – I did much of this trek en route from Kathmandu to Darjeeling in 1956 when I was secretary to the American AID Mission. Found you while trying to get the name of the pass that you call Kongma La, and that I was told by my Sherpa was Dolma Pass (I wanted the name in order to relate to the planned trekking itinerary of friends who are going to Nepal). I’m amazed that you did your trek in November–I did it in early July, and I still have the edelweiss (dried) that I picked in the meadow near the pass. In summertime, nothing about the entire trek was very difficult, and I’ve never thought I was particularly hardy. There was surely an advantage to having lived several years at 5,000 feet and to being young. Also, I had trekked north to Lang Tang Valley the year before and often hiked the hills around Kathmandu. …As you can imagine, I much enjoyed your photos. Thanks for posting them.
    Courtney Knauth

Your comments and questions are always appreciated, as are any suggestions on how to make this post more useful to future travellers. Just drop me a line or two!

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.