Last revised on October 23, 2022.
This post describes a canoe route that takes paddlers from Whiteclay Lake on the Ogoki River system up the Raymond River and then the Annette Lakes to the Height of Land. From there, it is down Butland Lake on the Pikitigushi River system and across a 1370-meter portage to a little-known jewel of the Wabakimi area, Cliff Lake.
This lake’s long stretches of fifty-feet-high vertical rock face and the fact that it is one of the great Anishinaabe (i.e. Ojibwe or Chippewa) pictograph sites in the Canadian Shield should bump it to the top of most canoe trip wish lists.
The entire route lies within the boundaries of Wabakimi Provincial Park. (Click here for a Google Map overview.)
Previous Post – A Two-Day Paddle Up Wabakimi’s Witchwood River System
Table of Contents:
- Up The Raymond River to Pickett Lake
- From Pickett Lake to North Annette Lake
- How The Annette Lakes Got Their Name
- Tent Sites on North Annette
- From North Annette to Butland Lake
- From Butland Lake to Cliff Lake
- A View of the Route On a Map from 1900
- Useful Resources & Additional Info
Saturday, August 10:
- distance: 35 km. over nine hours: 15km (2.5 hours) to the mouth of the Raymond, 11 km (3 hours) to Pickett Lake; 9 km (3 hours) to North Annette Lake tent site
- weather: a beautiful sunny day with a bit of a wind from the W
- portages: 3 – 300 m; 1000 m; 300 m. See maps below
- the Garmin gpx file that generated these Garmin Topo Canada maps – download it from my Dropbox folder here.
- 1;50,000 Topo Maps: 052 I 15 Whiteclay Lake; 052 I 10 Linklater Lake.
It was 6 a.m., and we lay there listening to the bush plane overhead. We were on the Ogoki River system at the east end of Whiteclay Lake, not too far away from a couple of Mattice Lake Outfitters’ outposts. We figured new clients – most likely from south of the border – were being flown in for a week’s worth of reputed world-class fishing at one of them. We had paddled by five outposts over the past two weeks and had only seen signs of life at two of them.
After we broke camp and headed south towards the mouth of the Raymond River, we would hear a fishing boat as it churned the waters heading north. It was coming from the Mattice Lake Outfitters’ outpost at the east end of Whiteclay Lake. This was the only fishing boat we saw during our seventeen days of paddling in the Wabakimi area.
After leaving our tent site at the top of Whiteclay lake, we only felt the wind when we turned west out of the relative shelter of the shoreline of the northeast arm.
Up The Raymond River:
When we got to the mouth of the Raymond, we were struck by the almost flood-like conditions. Alders were half-submerged, and the shoreline had a weedy, reedy look. We would only see one campsite before getting to the lawn at the outpost on Pickett Lake! It would be at the top end of our first portage of the day.
The portage is on river right (our left as we were going up) and is about 300 meters long. It starts off dry, then gets swampy for about thirty meters before a nice run to the end. We gave the alders a bit of a trim as we went through and had a one-hour lunch break at the end of the portage trail.
Above the put-in spot was a decent campsite with a fire pit. We looked for a path through the bush to get closer to the rapids or “falls,” but it looked like it would need more effort than we wanted to expend. We turned back to lunch and another cup of coffee. [This spot is where CIICanoe and Dave camped on Day 16 of their trip, the one we were duplicating! See here for their account.]
Paddling up to Pickett Lake – quite reedy as you come into it from the north – and the outpost is on the South shore; we got it done in an hour and spent some time checking out the Ogoki Frontier outpost.
The original plan had been to camp on some of the outpost’s flat space if no one was there. Had it been later in the day or if the weather had been worse, we may have stayed, given the lack of decent alternative campsites. However, we decided to push on. Our new target was North Annette Lake.
On To North Annette Lake
In our map case was information from CIIcanoe’s account of the canoe trip we were duplicating – he and his partner had camped at North Annette Lake. (See here for CIIcanoe’s entry for their day up to North Annette Lake from the portage campsite I mentioned above.)
From the Pickett Lake outpost, it was an easy 5-km. to the takeout for the first of a couple of portages connected by a pond. The total distance was 1300 meters, and it took us into a lake that we knew as North Annette Lake, thanks to CIIcanoe’s post. The close-up map below shows the 2 portages –
There was a mucky ten-meter start to the little-used and badly overgrown trail, which is visible but needs a trim. According to my Spot Connect tracking data, we spent about an hour and a half dealing with this two-part portage into North Annette Lake.
It is twenty kilometres from the mouth of the Raymond River to the pond at the south end of the 1000-meter portage. Here the river veers west to Scallop Lake, and we made sure to paddle to the pond’s south end. My thoughts turned to the warning that one Canadian Canoe Routes Forum poster had made about getting disoriented here and heading up the Raymond River instead of south towards the first of the Annette Lakes.
How The Annette Lakes Got Their Name:
While I have been using the name “North Annette Lake” to describe the lake you come to after the carry south from the small nameless lake/pond, the fact is that on topo maps, it is yet another of those countless Canadian Shield lakes left without a name!
- My Garmin Topo Canada map set v.4 does not have a name for it or the lake to the south of it.
- Neither does the map view at the Atlas of Canada’s Toporama website.
- I also checked the 1:50,000 topo sheet for the area – 052 I 10 (Linklater Lake), and it does not give either of the two Annette Lakes a name.
So what is going on here? I figured if anyone knew, it would be Phil Cotton of the Friends of Wabakimi/Wabakimi Project, so off went an email to him.
I got back this detailed response –
Lake names are categorized either as ‘gazetteered’ or colloquial. The former are government-approved names that have been published in the weekly Ontario Gazette. The latter are assigned by locals. The Wabakimi Project publishes known colloquial lake names on its canoe route maps to help paddlers report their location in case of an emergency.
On my first trip up the Raymond River and into the headwaters of the Pikitigushi River, we spent the better part of a week cutting and clearing the ‘mountain’ portage at the head of the Raymond River. We made it to the second lake for our weekly rendezvous with Don Elliot’s float plane service to exchange crews and be re-supplied.
On the sat phone, I had a heck of time trying to explain to Don where we were so he could find us. After a detailed description of the waterways, he exclaimed, “Oh, you’re on South Annette Lake!”. Later, I asked him how the lake got its name. He laughed and explained, “It’s where I spent my honeymoon!”. FYI, His wife’s name is Annette.
So I had my answer about the Annette Lakes – and a good chuckle!
Strangely enough, just after I sent off the email to Phil, I sent another to Mattice Lake Outfitters! We had used their services at both ends of the trip and received a couple of complimentary MLO caps.
Well, this February, in a Buddhist temple in Sri Lanka, mine popped out of the rear pocket of my jeans. I never did find it – and now I was writing to Annette Elliot – the soon-to-be-identified Lady of the Lakes – to see if I could buy a replacement. Sending those two emails back-to-back was one of life’s quirky little coincidences that may hide some deeper meaning!
Later, when I scanned the trip pix, the one above jumped out. It has everything –
- Annette Elliot is there
- she’s holding the cap,
- the two geezers are grinning madly at the end of yet another excellent adventure.
Now back to the trip report!
Finding A Tent Site On North Annette:
On the west side of North Annette Lake, we had a couple of tent site possibilities to choose from. Both are south of the little rock island you see in the fourth image below.
- The first one – on a point – was nice but way too exposed for our liking.
- We paddled down about 500 meters to a second site; it too was exposed and not worth the effort of hauling our gear up the moss-covered rock face from the awkward takeout point.
- In the end, we found our spot in between the two. While it wasn’t perfectly flat, it was much easier to reach and nicely sheltered in case the weather turned bad. After twenty minutes of site rehabilitation, we added a third tent site to the neighbourhood.
In rereading CIICanoe’s trip notes for Day 17, I noticed that he and his partner had the same difficulty in finding the tenting spot on North Annette!
Back on the water at 03:15 pm on North Annette Lake. We paddled past one campsite , but we didn’t really check it out since we thought we could see possibly a better one further south. We paddled over to it, but there wasn’t any easy access to the top. I got out of the canoe and walked up a very steep incline to the top of the site. We could never land a canoe and walk packs up the way I went. The campsite would work, but everything else would take an extra effort.
We paddled further south, but there didn’t look like anything else, so we turned around and headed back to the first site.
Well, the first site was too small. No room for two tents. Back to the site that’s 15 to 20 meters up off the water. We found an area for accessing the site, but only after cutting our way to the top of the rock where we could camp. It took a considerable amount of effort.
They ended up at site #2 on the steep and slippery incline!
It had been a long day. We sat on the shore of the lake that evening and recognized our good fortune in having the time, energy, skills, health and money to experience the boreal wilderness in a way few can or want to. The lake was memorable in its stillness.
Sunday, August 11. On To Butland Lake
- distance: 12 km.
- weather: a beautiful sunny day in Wabakimi Country!
- portages: 4 (70m; 85m; 570m; 680m)
We had a modest goal for the day – to get to the bottom of Butland Lake. It would mean we could leave a bit later than usual and still be finished before 2 p.m.!
Paddling south to the top of North Annette Lake, we faced our first two mini-portages of the day. The day’s first problem-solving exercise involved getting through a very narrow section of the river with two channels separated by a rocky middle. It was marked as a beaver dam on our map but the logs crossing the west (i.e. river left) channel were probably pushed there by the water at ice-out time. We tracked up the R.L. channel taking a few scrapes on the bottom of the canoe as we hauled it over some of the rocks and logs. Ouch! We didn’t see the portage trail, which is apparently 75 meters long on R.L.
Two hundred meters further up, we came to the second (85 m) portage on river left, followed it to a deep gash with water, and put the canoe in there. Unfortunately, this was not the put-in spot! We then tracked up a very rocky thirty meters of the stream. This was one of those cases where our attempt to find the easier way led to more work. Below is a pic of Max after our half-hour of strenuous exercise! He is looking at South Annette Lake and the portage trail that will take us over the height of land and into Butland Lake. I am hoping he has that portage trail location figured out!
The area between south Annette Lake and Butland Lake is Height of Land country. The Raymond River and the two Annette Lakes flow north to merge with the Ogoki River system in Whiteclay Lake. Meanwhile, a couple of kilometers to the S.E. of Raymond Lake, the Pikitgushi River begins its journey to Lake Nipigon from a nameless lake.
We would be portaging across the Height of Land from South Annette into Butland Lake, the lake that the Pikitigushi flows into from the west.
So there we were at the top (i.e. the south end) of South Annette Lake, looking for the takeout spot. We paddled right to the east corner looking for the takeout spot, and found the campsite indicated on the map. I scouted around for the start of the trail. Nothing! I bushwhacked a bit more, sure that I’d hit the trail. Two minutes – five minutes – thirty minutes! Where the hell is the portage? Why don’t they mark these suckers with some orange tape!
And then – the trip’s #1 Doh! moment. We had been misreading the map by taking the put-in point on Butland for the takeout on South Annette. We’re just glad no one saw us at work! Click on the map on the right for an enlarged view. You can also relive our goof.
The Height of Land Portage trail to the pond was pretty clear with just a bit of deadfall. And yes – I did find a faded strip of orange tape tied to a tree by the takeout point! Some stretches were a bit mucky – the last stretch coming up to the pond especially – but it sure beat the floundering we had been doing a few minutes before. And the blueberries – wow! After dumping my pack load halfway, it took me longer than usual to get back to the canoe waiting at the takeout point.
A bit later at rest on the pond, we made a Gatorade toast to the fact that from this point on, we would be going downriver. Still to come was Butland Lake and the entry on Butland’s west side of the Pikitigushi River. We’d follow the ‘Gushi from the bottom of Butland to the end of the trip.
The second half of the portage – the section from the pond to Butland Lake – started with fifty meters of squishy bog and then was manageable to the shore of Butland. We had lunch at the put-in spot, then set off on our paddle down the lake. A half-hour later, we passed the Wilderness North outpost on our right (see map below). (N.B. The link takes you to their home page. For some reason, the Butland outpost no longer has its own web page though it still is one of their available properties.)
We would find a great campsite not far from the start of the next day’s portage into Cliff Lake. The tent site was mostly flat and sheltered by birches as well as pine and spruce, the landing area made for easy entries and exits, and the patio area allowed for lots of rambling around. Once the tent and tarp were up, we hauled out the goose-down bags and put them in the sun and the wind to freshen up. Then we pulled out the soap and did some washing up – first us and then our clothes. It had been a few days since we’d had the weather to do so, and it felt downright rejuvenating.
Monday, August 12. Butland to Cliff
- Distance: 4 km. including the portage!
- Weather: Cloudy in the morning/mostly sunny and a bit windy in the aft with intermittent showers
- Portages: 1 plus 1 lift-over
Fresh from a bit of relaxation and cleaning up, we were ready to deal with the day’s one and only portage – a 1370-meter carry that would take us from Butland Lake into Cliff Lake. We were thankful that we were doing all these 1000-meter + portages at the end of the trip and not at the beginning. At four lbs. a day of food, it meant that our packs were fifteen days and 60 lbs. lighter than on Day 1 at Rockcliff Lake on the Misehkow. It made doing the Mr. Canoehead Jig through the boreal just a tad easier!
The portage into Cliff Lake did not present any problems and we were able to get the job done in an hour using our carry and a half system. We were appreciative of the logs that had been placed in boggier sections of the trail by some portage maintenance crew; they should be good for a few years.
There was only one more thing to deal with – 100 meters down from the put-in where the river makes a bend was a ledge with a 1.5 foot (half a meter) drop to deal with. We paddled over to the right side to take a look and, with a quick lift-over, were through in a minute. Checking it out from the bottom, it looked like we could have just powered through on the left.
Paddling down the east side of the lake past some imposing vertical basalt rock face, we would soon find out that we had paddled into a lake which was not only one of the most scenic we have seen in northern Ontario – but one which was also rich in Anishinaabe (that is, Ojibwe or Chippewa) pictographs.
We paddled to a small point on the lake’s east side and found there our best campsite since the start of the trip on Rockcliff Lake on the Misehkow River.
If you want to see what we found at Cliff Lake – and why we think it may be at the top of the list of special lakes we have ever had the good fortune to spend time on, you can check out these two posts –
The Pictographs of Wabakimi’s Cliff Lake – Part One
The Pictographs of Wabakimi’s Cliff Lake – Part Two
From Cliff Lake, we continued down the Pikitigushi to the road from Armstrong and the Boucher Camp. The following post has the details –
Down Wabakimi’s Pikitigushi River From Cliff Lake
Update: In September 2018, we returned to Cliff Lake for a second look – and then paddled down the length of the Pikitigushi to Lake Nipigon. See the following post for the first of a string of posts on that trip –
Down The Pikitigushi From Cliff Lake To lake Nipigon – Logistics, Maps, and Day 1 on Cliff Lake
A View of the Route On a Map from 1900
The snippet of map below – taken from a much larger map set (access here) which was the result of a survey conducted for the Ontario Government in 1900 and published the next year – shows how fuzzy our knowledge of the area between the Ogoki River and Lake Nipigon was just three or four generations ago.
The Raymond River had not yet been named, and its headwaters had not yet been explored and charted. Some still called the Pikitgushi River the “Muddy” or “Mud,” and Pikitigushi Lake is referred to as Round Lake. However, the name Cliff Lake was already in use. Missing from the lower Pikitigushi River south of Round Lake is the big bend, although Robert Bell’s Geological Survey of Canada had already mapped it in 1869.
Both reports make for interesting reading:
Bell’s 1870 Report On The Geology Of The Northwest Side Of Lake Superior And Of The Nipigon District
Survey Crew No. 7’s contribution to the 1900 Report of The Survey And Exploration of Northern Ontario, starting with No. 7’s lead surveyor’s report on p. 174.
The Friends of Wabakimi
The Friends of Wabakimi‘s ongoing work –
- its Wabakimi Project maps
- actual portage clearing
- the establishment of campsites
has helped to make accessible an area of Wabakimi that, in older trip reports, come across as a boreal forest version of a journey up Conrad’s Heart of Darkness.
This map illustrates their work from 2004 to the end of 2017.
Released in 2017 was the ambitious Volume 5 – Lake Nipigon Tributaries which includes the Little Jackfish, the Pikitigushi, and the Kopka Rivers, as well as a few more. It should be noted that the people involved in the Project are volunteers and are not paid by the Wabakimi Provincial Park managers for their work in promoting the park and the surrounding area. For the route described in this post, this map set has the section from South Annette Lake to the Bear Camp at the logging road crossing.
On the Canadian Canoe Routes website, you will find a three-week trip made in 2006, outlined by Ben Gervais. Starting at Allanwater Bridge, it went down to Wabakimi Lake to Whitewater and east on the Ogoki River to Whiteclay Lake. They headed for the Raymond River’s mouth and followed our route to a Pikitigushi River takeout at the logging road. Check out his trip report here.
There is another CCR forum thread from 2006 entitled “Wabakimi – Cliff Lake” with some members chipping in impressions and information of the route – it can be accessed here.
CIIcanoe‘s trip report was the inspiration for our canoe trip. His blog-style report has pix and info on portages. The section dealing with the Raymond River onward starts here. The post would be even more useful if actual maps were included – or at least the UTM coordinates corresponding to the reference #s he provided in the posts.
The Federal Government topos
cover the area from Whiteclay Lake all the way to Lake Nipigon.
[BTW – click here to access the entire Natural Resources Canada topo collection.]
Our Garmin gpx file – the one which shows our track on these Garmin Topo Canada maps – is in my Dropbox folder.
Your posts on Wabakimi are amazing! I am planning to go up there myself for the first time this year. I see you have gpx logs on some posts but not all and some links that seem to be broken, like on this post. Is there any way I could trouble you for a link to any and all gpx tracks you have in wabakimi and the surrounding area. It would be an amazing resource to assist with planning on top of your posts. Thanks!
Dustin, thanks for the heads up about the broken links in the post!
I spent a bit of my Saturday night on this post and some of the other Wabakimi-related posts and fixed the broken links I came across. Most were of my own doing! While we don’t have gpx files for all of our Wabakimi trips, let me know which one you are interested in and I will make sure the download link is working or upload it to the post.
Enjoy your planning for what will be a great introduction to Wabakimi, a destination you’ll be returning to often if you accept the travel time to get there. This summer we are taking the train from Union Station – it leaves a 9:45 a.m. and 24 hours later we get to the west end of Wabakimi at Savant Lake. 15 days later we hop back on the train at Mud River on the east side of the park.