Down Wabakimi’s Pikitigushi River From Cliff Lake

Previous Post: Up Wabakimi’s Raymond River To Cliff Lake

Cliff Lake is one of Wabakimi’s – and the Canadian Shield’s in general – premier pictograph sites. We spent some time paddling along the perimeter of the lake and checking out some dramatic stretches of vertical rock face – and found all the rock paintings which Selwyn Dewdney had highlighted in his classic study of the mostly-Anishinaabe (i.e. Ojibwe)  pictographs of the Canadian Shield. (See here for some pix and discussion of what we saw.)

Cliff Lake pictographs - south end of lake

Cliff Lake pictographs – south end of lake

But it  was time to move on. We were down from twenty to three days of food,  and while it definitely meant a lighter load for the remaining portages,  it was also a sign that our trip was almost done.  We were about 27 kilometres from the take-out point at the Bear Camp on river right of the Pikitigushi just above the logging road bridge.

We had originally arranged for a shuttle back to our vehicle at the Mattice Lake headquarters of ML Outfitters  from there on the Thursday. However, a couple of emails sent via my Spot Connect from Cliff Lake had requested that the pick-up happen a day early. We now had a day and a half to knock off the last 27 kilometers!

Tuesday, August 13  (Day 17)

distance: 16 km.

weather:  a sunny day with a bit of a wind from the W

portages: 4 – 90 m; 525 m; 300 m.; 265 m.; 150 m.   See maps below.

At the south end of Cliff Lake, just across from the best-preserved collection of pictographs on the lake, we left Wabakimi Provincial Park and entered Whitesand Provincial Park. (The stretch from Bad Medicine Lake down to the north shore of Pikitigushi Lake is all within the boundaries of Whitesand P.P.)   We also dealt with the  first of the five or six portages on this section of the Pikitigushi. Over the next couple of days we’d do another four, with the 1400-meter haul from Derraugh Lake to Pikitigushi Lake as the longest and mushiest.

Cliff Lake to Gort lake

Cliff Lake to Gort lake

Gort Lake to Pikitigushi Lake

Gort Lake to Pikitigushi Lake

The portage out of Cliff Lake is a 90-meter carry on a pretty obvious trail which takes you up and over a small hill to a put-in on the edge of a small pond.  A quick paddle across the pond and you get to experience for yourself the Bad Medicine Lake portage – and to decide whether it deserves its reputation!  (See here for some fond canoe tripper reminiscences!)  It is undoubtedly an easier portage if you are coming at it from the north.  What we found was a 525-meter trail that starts off rather steeply but dry.  After a dramatic middle stretch where you are walking on a ridge just a few meters from the edge of the gorge, the trail  takes you to a challenging and winding descent to the lake itself.

Cliff lake  -Bad Medicine Lake Portages

Cliff lake -Bad Medicine Lake Portages

The last few meters involves an almost vertical drop to the shore.  Here is a shot – I should have stepped back a few more feet to get the complete drop in – but it’ll give you an idea of what it looks like.  We actually had lunch at the top of the final drop.

the south end of the 450 meter Bad Medicine Lake portage

the east end of the 450 meter Bad Medicine Lake portage

A bit more time and we might have tried walking up the river through the mess of bush you see in the pic below in search of a photo that would show some of the 20 meter drop in elevation from Cliff Lake to where our canoe was sitting.

the 'Gushi as it comes tumbling into Bad Medicine Lake

the ‘Gushi as it comes tumbling into Bad Medicine Lake

The pics below shows the north side (river left) of the impressive gorge that runs the length of the portage.

the shoreline across from the put-in on Bad Medicine lake

the shoreline across from the put-in on Bad Medicine lake

looking down to the east end of Bad Medicine Lake from the put-in

looking down to the east end of Bad Medicine Lake from the put-in

Instead of bushwhacking a bit upriver, we headed off for the next portage which would take us out of Bad Medicine and into Ratte Lake.  The take-out is on a sandy beach on river left; 265 meters later we were at the other end.   Shortly afterwards we paddled by a cow moose and her calf as we approached Ratte lake.

Down Ratte Lake and through a meandering narrow-river section and we were back on a more open stretch – the two-part Gort Lake.  At the south end of Gort Lake just above the rapids we went on shore to check out a potential campsite; it was serviceable but we didn’t feel like stopping for the day yet so we pushed off again. The rapids themselves rate a Class 1; it was an easy run into Wash Lake.  As we paddled down the lake we passed an established campsite – fire pit and all – on the east shore (see map above for approximate location).  It would have been a good place to stop – but we pushed on! First, we paddled by the shell of the downed airplane at the south end of Wash Lake –

airplane shell at the bottom of Wash Lake

airplane shell at the bottom of Wash Lake

If you know the story of this plane and wouldn’t mind sharing it, write it up and I’ll insert it right here!

On river right about 1.5 kilometers SE of the airplane comes the portage out of Wash and into Derraugh Lake. It is a 150-meter carry on river right. Our map indicated a campsite at the put-in but we weren’t seeing anything that resembled a place to put our tent for the night so we headed down Derraugh Lake.  We stopped twenty minutes later at the site indicated on the map above.  With a bit of trimming, sawing,  and rearranging we created a nicely sheltered spot tucked into the bush with a sloping rock face patio.

the view from our Derraugh Lake patio

the afternoon view from our Derraugh Lake patio

Max getting the breakfast fire going

Max getting the late afternoon fire going

You can barely see the tent and tarp behind the canoe in the pic below.  The chores done we’re getting ready for a cup of coffee!

Derraugh Lake Campsite - definitely tucked away!

Derraugh Lake Campsite – definitely tucked away!

Wednesday, August 14  (Day 18)

distance: 10 km. over three and a half hours – with half of that for the portage!

weather:  another beautiful sunny day in the Greater Wabakimi Area

portages: 1 – 1400 m.

(The Chuck Ryan post of their 2009 trip has some pix of the last day’s brief paddle here. He and his partner Dave Phillips had also camped on Derraugh Lake on their final night.)

We paddled to the end of Derraugh Lake and looked for the portage take-out. We were in the general area where prospectors had located a 200-meter gold-bearing quartz vein in the mid-1930’s.  In fact, it had been a J.E. Derraugh, then the vice-president and manager of Jedder Gold Mines Ltd., who had made the discovery. Nothing ever became of what  they were hoping would be another Red Lake gold strike but now we do have a Derraugh Lake.

One wonders what the previous – i.e. Ojibwe – name for the lake would have been. In some cases, we have reverted to the older Ojibwa names –  for example, before the 1930’s the Pikitigushi River was still known as Mud River and Pikitigushi Lake as Round Lake.  The two lakes on this stretch that I am most curious about are Cliff Lake and Bad Medicine Lake – their Ojibwe names might reveal something about their significance to those who used to paddle these waters. Just to the west of Derraugh Lake are two small lakes – one  named Haile and the other Selassie – also named in the 1930’s when the Ethiopian Emperor embraced his moment of statesmanship on the world stage –  but before he became Bob Marley’s Jah Rastafari!

Back to the Gooseneck Rapids portage – an hour and a half later,  by a unanimous decision,  the Trip Highlights Committee had awarded it  the prize for “the most poorly maintained portage”.  Finding it was problem #1 – it was a bit further up from the rapids on river right than we thought it would be.

Pikitigushi River -  Gooseneck Rapids

Pikitigushi River – Gooseneck Rapids

Our portage routine has Max take two packs right to the other end and then come back half way for the other two that I have dropped off while I go back for the canoe.  I still have no idea how he was able to sniff a trail all the way to Pikitigushi Lake out of the dense bush we walked through!  In fact, after I dropped off the packs and went back for the canoe I ended up getting lost as I tried to redo the “trail” I had just walked twice! Long stretches were also quite mushy and we were happy to see the end of it.

Given the state of the portage, we wondered what locals were doing to get up or down the river on this stretch.  Perhaps staying on the river instead and lining their way down? Looking at the Google satellite image below, perhaps locals going up the river make use of the McKinley Road running up the west side of Pikitigushi Lake and put in somewhere above the rapids.

Update: We came through this portage in July of 2013.  Since then, in August of 2014      to be exact, Phil Cotton and the Wabakimi Project Crew have given the portage some of their tender, lovin’ care – so the trail should  be easier to follow for at least the next few years!

Derraugh Lake to Pikitigushi River take out point south of the Lake

Derraugh Lake to Pikitigushi River take out point south of the Lake

Once on the shores of Pikitigushi Lake it was an easy paddle to the south end of the lake and then 4.5 kilometers down the river with the beginnings of the  high sandy banks that undoubtedly gave it its first English name, Mud River.

the end of the trip - not the high sand banks on the other side

the end of the trip – note the high sand banks on the other side

Not in the picture – (we kinda stopped taking pictures at this point! See the CIIcanoe post for the visuals!) – is the  Quonset Hut which the Bear Camp owners (the Boucher Bros.) make use of to store vehicles and equipment.  We walked up a gravel road to the large clearing on the side of the road to Armstrong Station. Set up were maybe a half-dozen canvas tents on wooden platforms as well as a few trailers. We had arrived the day before the opening of the season’s bear hunt and there was a bit of activity since the first of the guests had already started arriving.

It would have been possible to arrange a shuttle into Armstrong Station with the Bouchers. However, we already had a Mattice Lake Outfitters shuttle set up. Not too long after we arrived, so did Annette Elliot  and we were on our way.   It is a little under 40 kilometers back to Armstrong Station from the take-out point at the Bear Camp.  Another ten kilometers to Mattice Lake and we were back to where we had started our canoe trip around the northern perimeter of Wabakimi Provincial Park. If you’d like to go back to the start of what was a truly excellent adventure, the post Canoeing Wabakimi’s Misehkow River is where it begins.


The Logging Road from the Pikitigushi River to Armstrong Station

Not attempted but still an intriguing possibility for a future trip is the stretch of the Pikitigushi from the Bear Camp to Mud River on the CN rail line and then maybe  all the way to Windigo Bay and Lake Nipigon. It looks like it would take a good day or two and it is difficult to say exactly what you’d deal with since information on rapids, log jams, and portages is pretty scarce.

Before we decided to drive up to Mattice Lake, we had thought of taking the VIA train from Toronto to Armstrong Station for the start of the trip and then, at the end, waiting at the Mud River train stop for the eastbound VIA Canadian as it does its run from Vancouver back to Toronto. However, this time the convenience of having our own vehicle and not being bound to an exact extraction date won out over the luxury of not having to drive 4000 kilometers! Next time the calculations may lead to a different conclusion.

A 1939 report by the Ontario Government’s Department of Mines on the geology of the area included this paragraph on the nature of the river from the Mud River CN stop up to the lake –

1939 description of the Pikitigushi River below the Lake

A bit more research led to a provincial government report by Ontario’s Department of Mines from 1909 (see here for the full text) which describes in greater detail the portages mentioned in the above quote.

P.155 of the 1909 Annual Report  by Ontario's Department of Mines

The first (but fourth in the above description since they are coming up the river) of these portages would be the one around the rapids where the logging road crosses the river.  It is a 500-meter carry from the Quonset Hut up the road  to the clearing where the Bear Camp accommodation can be seen and then over the logging road and down to the put in.

lower Pikitigushi portages - 500 meters - logging road portage

The longest portage would be one which eliminates almost thirteen kilometers of potential trouble. In exchange, it looks like you’d get to do a 1500-meter carry over a trail I haven’t found much information on. My Garmin Topo Canada map has a broken line marked in from the pond to the river; so does the Federal Government’s 052 I 07 Pikitigushi Lake topo map.

Pikitigushi River - south of the logging road from Armstrong Station

The satellite image above shows significant clearcutting has occurred in the area contained within the big bend.  A more-in-depth look of the loss of forest cover over the decade from 2002 to 2012 can clearly be seen here.




The 1:50000 topo 052 I 07 also indicates rapids/falls about 4.5 kilometers from the CN tracks.

See here for a Canadian Canoe Routes forum thread I started before the trip asking for info on the stretch of river from the logging road to the CN tracks. Also, check out the Wabakimi Project’s collection of canoe route maps – three of which we have bought over the past five years.  Volume Five, filed under future releases,  will include essential info on the Pikitigushi.

In the meanwhile …

If you’ve got any more current information on the last section from the logging road to the CN tracks at Mud River, let me know and I’ll update the above map with the new info – rapids and falls, log jams, portages, swifts, and other other useful info for next summer’s paddlers.  Use the comments section below or email me at

Some Useful Links: (Clink on blue text to access info)

The Federal Government 1:50000 topos for this stretch are available for free download here –  Linklater Lake 052 I 10 and Pikitigushi Lake 052 I 07.

For another trip report – and lots of pix – on this section of the Pikitigushi, see the entries for Days 20 and 21 in CIIcanoe’s (aka Chuck Ryan) epic 21 Day Canoe Trip To The “Little North”. Finding his report on-line is what gave us the idea to take on the 350-kilometer route ourselves. We are really glad we did.

The VIA train only passes through Mud River three times a week either way during canoe tripping season.  For the westbound VIA “The Canadian” train schedule see here –  and here for the eastbound one. It would be necessary to purchase your ticket before you set off on your trip since it is no longer a flag stop.


Once we got up to Mattice Lake , Don and Annette Elliot of Mattice Lake Outfitters handled all of the logistics and park permits.  We left the vehicle in their parking lot (totally safe) and flew up to the Misehkow River start point on one of their de Havilland Beavers.  At the end of the trip we were picked up at the Boucher Bear Camp on the Pikitigushi for the 50 kilometer ride back to our vehicle.  I’d highly recommend MLO. They’ve been doing this for a while and know what they’re doing. They do have all sorts of other services that they offer – see here for the full list.

Laurence Mills of has a map set entitled Pikitigushi River.  It details a 175-kilometer route that goes from the Little Caribou Lake put-in up to Whitewater Lake and then down Whiteclay Lake before it goes up the Raymond and down the Pikitigushi Rivers to the logging road take-out.  We bought the Kopka River map set for a previous canoe trip and were quite happy with the level of accurate detail on the laminated 8.5″X11″ sheets.

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Your comments and questions are always appreciated, as are any suggestions on how to make this post more useful to future travellers. Just drop me a line or two!

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