In Anishinaabe Pictograph Sites of The Canadian Shield, I provided an introduction to this series of posts on aboriginal rock painting sites. Originally one long and unwieldy post, I have divided it up into individual posts for each of the provinces or U.S. state areas where the pictographs are found. This should make it the search for specific sites that much easier and faster. (N.B. Anishinaabe, Chippewa, and Ojibwe all refer to the same people. To top it off there are a number of spellings of these terms!
All blue text leads to a map, additional info and/or pix with a click.
Wisconsin – I know … not really a border state!
Check out the excellent web resource provided by the University of Wisconsin’s Mississippi Valley Archaeology Centre at La Crosse. It has descriptions and images of pictographs and petroglyphs from the following Wisconsin sites –
Gullickson’s Glen – SW Wisconsin rock shelter with petroglyphs
Hanson – petroglyphs on sandstone outcrop on ridge overlooking the Kickapoo R. Valley
Indian Cave – petroglyphs
Larson – cave with petroglyphs
Running Deer -cliff side petroglyphs in Twin Bluff area
Samuel – cave/rockshelter with both pictographs and petroglyphs – found in 1978
Tainter – “most comprehensive set of prehistoric paintings in the Upper Midwest”
Twin Bluff – petroglyphs on rock face – thunderbird figures predominate
Viola – rockshelter petroglyphs
Not mentioned by the U of Wis. site but also of interest is the following –
While these sites are actually out of the Canadian Shield area and not the work of the Chippewa people who moved into the lower Lake Superior area after 1600 C.E., it is interesting to see the presence of similar motifs and mythological concerns. While the Thunderbird is a central figure in the worldview of the Anishinaabe, it is also found in west coast cultures like the Nootka, as well as in Lakota Sioux myth. The drawing above is of the thunderbirds depicted multiple times on that Twin Bluff rock face!
An excellent summary article –“Visions In Stone: The Rock Art of Minnesota” by Mark J. Dudzik in The Minnesota Archeologist (1995 – 54 (Omnibus Issue):98-108) is available here. Dudzik lists the fifty-five known sites scattered across the state and Includes the map below showing their general locations. It indicates fifteen pictograph sites and a couple of petroglyph sites in the Shield portion of the state along the border with Canada.
Michael Furtman’s Magic On The Rocks: Canoe Country Pictographs (2000) is available at the Amazon site, where you will find the following description of the book’s focus-
“Scattered across the Boundary waters and Quetico, left by its native people on canvases of stone, are hundreds of enigmatic paintings. Generations of canoe country travelers have wondered what these mysterious drawings might mean. Now, in this book, award-winning author Michael Furtman presents a comprehensive guide to the canoe country’s known pictographs and provides insight into the artists’ visions and the traditions that spawned them. Complete with maps and directions to dozens of sites, and the most accurate reproductions of pictographs to date, Magic on the Rocks is an indispensable tool for those who would respectfully visit the sacred sites of a wise and ancient culture.”
My copy of Furtman’s book is due to arrive in mid-December 2013 and I look forward to getting it. I have never visited the Boundary Waters/Quetico area but my newfound obsession with pictographs definitely gives me one more reason for making the journey from Toronto. Furtman’s book will be somewhere in the dry pack!
Burntside Lake – animal and human picto figures
Granite River – indistinct pictograph
Kekekabic Lake – human figure… map here
Lac Le Croix (near Beatty Portage) – animal and human picto figures
Lake Polly – geometric picto
Nett Lake – animal, human, and geometric petroglyphs
Red Rock Lake – animal figure pictograph
Rocky Lake – geometric picto
Seagull Lake – indistinct pictograph