Moshi & Arusha: Tanzania’s Gateway Towns to Kilimanjaro And The Northern Safari Circuit

Previous Post: Planning A Visit To Tanzania To Climb Kilimanjaro

If a safari or a climb of Kilimanjaro in northern Tanzania are in your plans, then you will be spending some time in Arusha and/or Moshi, the two gateway towns which serve as the headquarters of the many local agencies which will organize your adventure and help you make it a reality.

Perhaps, like me, you will fly directly into the region from Europe, landing at Kilimanjaro International Airport located between the two towns. Others will approach overland from Nairobi, Kenya or from Dar es Salaam.  What you will find are two functioning urban centers that must be among the most prosperous in Tanzania, thanks to the massive infusion of tourist dollars and the jobs they create.

The streets are free of trash and litter and many of them are paved; the sewage systems work, there is all-day electricity, drivers in vehicles stop at pedestrian crossings –  I did not find the pandemonium and pollution and the smell of raw sewage in the air that characterize the Indian and Nepalese towns I have walked through recently.

So – what is there to do in Arusha and Moshi?  Should you set aside a few days to explore these urban centers before, in between, or after your Tanzanian adventures? The short answer – not really.  While the towns work, they really do not offer the visitor much in the way of things to see or do.  What follows is my attempt to give you some idea of the look and feel of the towns.


Moshi has a population of 200,000 and is located to the south of Kilimanjaro. It is the town more closely connected to trekking/climbing agencies and if a climb to the top of Kilimanjaro is your focus, chances are your agency will use Moshi as the starting point with a night in a Moshi hotel before the trek and a night on your return from the mountain.

That is what my Kilimanjaro package included. I did add an additional day before our trek started and an extra one after our descent to give my body some extra recuperation time. The hotel was the Parkview Inn – located in the bottom right-hand quadrant of the map above.  It would be considered a downtown Moshi location. Not far from the Parkview is another three-star hotel, the Bristol Cottages.  [Click on the hotel names to access their Trip Advisor reviews. Both score in the 4/5 range.]

Both are very close to a Moshi landmark, the Clock Tower pictured below.

The satellite image below has

  • the Parkview Inn on the left-hand side,
  • the Bristol Cottages just down a block on Aga Khan Road,
  • the Clock Tower at the top of Mawenzi Road,
  • as well as the town’s major bus station.

Moshi Tanzania – Clock Tower and south to bus station area

The Parkview Inn:

Uhuru Park sits on the south side of Aga Khan Road and it gives the hotel its name. In the photo below you can see the Inn from a view inside the park itself.  I would find that very few of the rooms actually have a view of the park, being oriented to the interior courtyard and swimming pool.

The gated property has a twenty-four-hour sentry in charge of opening the gate for vehicles and people on foot. No worries about safety or security here!

the gated entrance of Moshi’s Parkview Inn on Aga Khan Road

I’d see a number of mini-buses load up with clients and gear in front of the Reception area of the hotel during the time I was there. The Inn is clearly a popular choice of local trekking and safari agencies.  At about $70. a night for a room, it represents good value. It is in the same class as the nearby Bristol Cottages, another decent choice for a couple of nights in Moshi.

[There are certainly cheaper – and more expensive! – options available.  Trip Advisor and the Lonely Planet guidebook will provide other options.]

As a place to get ready for your Kili climb, it even gives you a view of your objective as you sit in the shallow end of the pool and face north to the volcano!

The Bristol Cottages:

Just down Aga Khan Road is the Bristol Cottages, featuring four actual cottages along one side of the property, as well as a multi-storeyed L-shaped building enclosing two other sides.  Even though it is fairly close to the bus station area and to the mosque with its loudspeaker regularly announcing calls to prayer, the grounds exude a stillness and tranquillity which drew me to the restaurant on more than one occasion.  It also seemed that the internet seems to work better than at the Parkview Inn.  Such are the priorities of modern-day travellers!

Bristol Cottages – the street entrance

Moshi’s Bristol Cottages – a view from just inside the main entrance from the street

Bristol Cottages lounge/dining area

The Moshi Dalla Dalla/Bus Station:

Near the two downtown hotels is the bus station area. It is actually made up of two halves – the north parking lot is for the dalla dallas, the mini-bus share taxis which get their name for the cheapness of the ride, dalla being a corruption of “dollar”.

On the other side of a shopping mall which separates the two parking areas is the larger bus station pictured below. Unlike the dalla dallas, these buses have regular departure times. They also represent a safer ride than the often overcrowded minibuses.

Across from the bus station area is one of the town’s mosques.  Moshi is apparently 80% Christian though there I did see a Hindu temple just down the street from the mosque, as well as a Sikh Gurdwara.

The Moshi Train Station:

Step outside your gated hotel and head for the street and you will be approached by touts keen on guiding you to a certain shop or selling you some item they have in their bag – a postcard, a painting, or handiwork of some sort that they claim to have personally made. It can get a bit annoying just walking around and dealing with a succession of these local business entrepreneurs.

My solution after my first morning was to hire one of them as a guide around town. His name was Michael, a well-spoken 30-year-old who was knowledgeable about the town.  He was out of work and scrambling to make money for his wife and four-year-old. [I believed his story, though a skeptic would tell me it was just a part of the sales pitch.]  We spent two hours one morning and another two the next walking around Moshi checking out Michael’s Moshi highlights!

approaching Moshi’s train station on Station Road

One place he took me to was the shopping center between the two bus parking lots. I would never have gone in there by myself and framed the shots that you can see above. I also would not have found my way to the old train station. Built by the Germans around the year 1900, it has been closed since the early 1990s when rail service ended.

waiting for the train to arrive at Moshi train station

Now the Tanzanian government apparently wants to revive the rail line from Tanga on the coast all the way to Arusha.  Maybe the Chinese will provide the necessary funds!

Moshi sign in front of Mosh train Station

the narrow gauge tracks at Moshi Train Station

Moshi Train Station – the entrance/exit passageway

A few blocks south on Mawenzi Road is the commercial district with shops, restaurants, and a number of budget hotels.  The Indo-Italiano Restaurant gets good reviews and is clearly geared to the mzungu tourist crowd. Pizza and coffee were what I ordered on an afternoon visit.

the outside of the Indo-Italiano Restaurant

On the other side of Mawenzi Road is the town’s market district. On our second morning, Michael took me and one of the other members of my Kilimanjaro trekking group through the covered market area and the nearby streets. We also stopped for a coffee at the Union Café, one of the many coffeehouse choices in Moshi.

the covered porch of the Union Cafe in Moshi

the main counter of the Union Cafe in Moshi


We never did get to the really posh Moshi district, with the puzzling name “Shantytown”. It is located in the NW corner of town as shown on the map at the start of this post. Michael did tell us that if he were to wander into the district by himself he would be stopped and hassled by the security force and told to get out. Shantytown has a few of the more upscale hotels and restaurants, as well as the safari/trekking agencies which have set up their offices there.

All in all, Moshi is a perfectly fine town for a tourist using it as the base for a climb of Kilimanjaro. It has decent hotels and restaurants and money exchange bureaus, all the things that a traveller would expect.  WiFi at the Parkview Inn was intermittent; at some restaurants, it was much faster. As already mentioned, a negative would be the touts who make a simple stroll around town an impossibility.


If Moshi is the start/endpoint for Kilimanjaro climbs, then Arusha is definitely the safari center of northern Tanzania. At 420,000 it is twice the size of Moshi. Its location some 80 kilometers to the west of Moshi puts it two hours closer to the main parks which make up the safari circuit in this part of the country. To no surprise its tour agencies also handle Kilimanjaro climbs so your Kilimanjaro package may well include a couple of days at an Arusha-area hotel.  Arusha also has its own mountain, Mount Meru, which is the centerpiece of Arusha National Park.

I only spent two nights in Arusha, just enough time to arrange a last-minute two-day safari to a couple of the nearby parks and conservation areas. While there is a bit more to do in Arusha than in Moshi, my safari choice was the right one! What follows are a few photos that will give you an idea of the city and its overall look.

My three-star hotel, the Arusha Crown, faced the city’s stadium. On the satellite image above it is located on the top left. It is a few streets north of the city’s main street, Sokoine Road, and I walked through the market area just south of the hotel a few times to get to it. Sokoine runs across from left to right on the bottom third of the satellite image above. At the east end, it (like Moshi)  has its own clock tower.  Are they a legacy of colonialism and the Euro attempt to get locals to shape their days by the dictates of the clock?

major construction on Sokoine Road in Arusha

Ksij Arusha Shia Mosque on Sokoine Road

a view of the Naura River as it approaches Sokoine Road

a stretch of Sokoine Road west of the clock tower

I was particularly interested in the Naaz Hotel thanks to my optometrist back in Toronto. He had grown up in Arusha and remembered the owner of the establishment. In fact, during my brief stay in Arusha, I dropped in twice to speak with him and relay greetings from Toronto but he seems to be a very busy guy!

the Arusha Naaz Hotel on Sokoine Road

Just east of the Naaz Hotel is the clock tower. That is as far east as I got in my rambles around town.  From there I walked up Boma Road to the Boma, a fort built by the Germans over 100 years ago but now a museum. Given the so-so reviews,  I gave the museum a pass and headed to the Via Via Restaurant around the back but it was a Sunday and the place was closed.  Back down Boma Road I headed, past the five-star Palace Hotel to Africafé for a vegetarian bite to eat.

Arusha clock tower – looking down Sokoine Road

the Arusha Clock Tower from Boma Road looking south

the Natural History Museum at the top of Boma Road

I can’t say I got much of a feel for the politics of Tanzania in either Moshi or Arusha. People expressed general approval for their President’s anti-corruption campaign. They seemed less concerned about the shutting down of dissenting voices in the press and in their national legislature.  I did take a photo of this bit of graffiti below but I have no idea what it is saying.  Marufuku is the president’s name. Kufanya means “do” and biashara means “business”.  Let me know in the comment section below if you can figure out the message!

Update: Well, I sure misinterpreted that!  Thanks to Mohamed from Moshi who took the time to send the following explanation:

The name of the President, who has since passed away, was Magafuli. Marufuku means to ban. If you enlarge the picture the message continues “Marufuku Kufanya biashara kwaniya Hili….” loosely translated it means  “street vendors should be banned from setting up a business on this hill or vicinity or area”

some graffiti on a wall on Makongoro Road – an anti-Magufuli statement?

Arusha serves as the host city for meetings of the East African Community. The weekend I was there coincided with one such meeting. The only evidence I saw was a VIP vehicle being escorted by a few police cars through heavy traffic.

The Arusha Monument on Makongoro Road

Arusha is also the city associated with Julius Nyerere’s 1967 Arusha Declaration, Tanzania’s embrace of socialism with an African face.  A key concept was that of ‘Ujamaa’ or brotherhood.  While 95% of Tanzania’s population belongs to the Bantu language family, it is still divided into 100+ different tribal groups. It makes governing a complicated proposition for countries like Tanzania or Uganda where “one person/one vote” often takes second place to “my tribe/my clan”.

Arusha Monument – close up of one of the four pedestals

Behind the Arusha Monument sits Mount Meru, the second-highest mountain in Tanzania next to Kilimanjaro.  A week before I had made the two-and-a-half-day trek up to the top of Meru as a preparation for my Kilimanjaro climb. It turns out that Meru is actually a more technical climb than Kilimanjaro, only made easier by the fact that it is 1300 meters less high than Kili. [Click on the following title for more on Meru: Mount Meru: A Walk To the Top of Tanzania’s Second Highest Mountain]

As I noted at the start of this post, Arusha is a perfectly fine place to spend a couple of days – one before and one after your safari or trek.  Just don’t plan on spending more time there when you could be visiting one of the nearby National parks or conservation areas.

Faced with two days in Arusha with nothing planned until my flight back home, I arranged a two-day safari with one of the agencies on Sokoine Road.  The two following posts will make clear why I made the right choice! Just click on the titles below to access the reports.

On Safari In Tanzania: An Afternoon In Tarangire National Park

On Safari In Tanzania: A Morning In Ngorongoro Crater

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3 Responses to Moshi & Arusha: Tanzania’s Gateway Towns to Kilimanjaro And The Northern Safari Circuit

  1. Mohamed says:

    The name of the President, who has since passed away, was Magafuli. Marufuku means to ban.
    If you enlarge the picture the message continues Marufuku Kufanya biashara kwaniya Hili….
    loosely translated it means street vendors should be banned from setting up a business on this hill or vicinity or area
    I was born in Moshi and lived there till I completed high school.

    • true_north says:

      Mohamed, thanks for taking the time to explain what was written on that Arusha wall. If you don’t mind, I am going to insert your explanation in the post. Asante!

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