Previous Post: Day 1 – From Sucker Creek Landing To Lafleche Point
Day 2 – From Lafleche Point to Canoe Pass
- distance: 25 km
- time: 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
- portages/rapids: 0/0: another nice easy paddling day!
- weather: sunny most of the day, light wind from NW
- campsite: CS105 with room for multiple tents, nice veranda, and better than CS 104 which we checked out; there are also some sites along the south shore of West Bay
- GPS tracks – 2019 French River (3.2Mb Dropbox file)
- Natural Resources Canada 1:50,000 topos: Noelville 041 I 01; Nipissing 031 I 04
Day 2 – and our first full day on the water. Our goal for the day was to paddle east on Lake Nipissing to Canoe Pass and then head south to the first decent campsite we found. Conditions were ideal – almost no wind and mostly sunny all day as we paddled along the south shore of West Bay and then continued east past a string of small islands until we came to the single largest island in the lake, Sandy Island.
As noted in the Day 1 post, less than a kilometer from our Day 1 CS we found a much better one at Lafleche Point itself. About an hour later we would check out another site as we were paddling through Hay Narrows, the entrance of West Bay.
Initially curious about an iron post embedded in the sloping rock face, we walked up to see the concrete foundation of what was once a camp. Other than the post and that foundation, the site was remarkably clean, with little of the usual debris you often see at abandoned sites. It would make a good campsite for multiple tents.
Ten minutes after passing by Jennings Island (top left on the map below), we pulled up on a point and set up our Helinox chairs in the shade of some pines. Out came the butane stovetop and butane canister – it was time for our usual Thai soup and peanut butter on Wasa bread lunch!
An hour later, we were back on the water and, once we passed by Wigwam Point, paddling along the south side of Sandy Island. While we were struck by the number of camps/cottages, few of them seemed to be in use. One motorboat did come ripping by and was the object of a curse or two as the driver seemed oblivious to the impact of the wake he was leaving for us to deal with. We also saw our first paddler – a kayaker from one of the camps out for an afternoon paddle.
[We would not see any other canoes or kayaks until Day 10 when we approached the Washer Woman at the top of Black Bay in the Voyageur Channel! As for motorboats – we saw perhaps ten over the following ten days. It was pretty quiet on the French, just the way we like it.]
The Nipissing Slaughter of Iroquois Invaders:
In his study of Ontario pictograph sites, Discovering Rock Art, Thor Conway recounts a story he heard in the early 1980s from an elder named John Fisher from what used to be called the Garden Village Indian Reserve. Now named Nipissing First Nation, the community is located on the north shore of Lake Nipissing.
Fisher’s account involved an ambush by his Nipissing ancestors of a group of invading Iroquois during the Iroquois-Algonkian War of the mid-1600s. Supposedly, three to four hundred Iroquois were killed in the surprise attack while they slept. It is not clear on which exact island the ambush and ensuing massacre took place; however, from the text I got the impression that it was in the vicinity of the Sandy Island we were paddling by. Fisher says he visited the site with his father when he was quite young (around 1910-1915) and said he saw bones and skulls laying on the ground.
While Frank’s Bay at the east side of the entrance to the French River system is known to have been the site of a pre-1600s Nipissing summer tribal gathering site and has seen archaeological excavation, none of the literature makes reference to this incident or of attempts to come up with evidence.
I guess it comes down to how reliable the storyteller, John Fisher, was about an incident that happened 320 years before he recounted it and which he is telling when he is in his 80’s. As Conway quotes him –
And they [the Nipissing warriors] got their clubs. And they’re [the Iroquois raiders] all sleeping, the others.
And they clubbed them. Oh, yeah.
They killed them all. And then….I didn’t know anything about that very much because they used to talk about it. But I never paid attention, you know. When you’re young, you don’t bother to listen or anything like that. [Conway 117]
As detail-free as his account is, it is likely that the vague memory of another story about Anishinaabe-speaking warriors defeating a large Iroquois war party has been changed to fit with local realities, in the same way that various traditional Anishinaabe communities adapted the Nanabush and the Flood myth to fit their local lakes and rivers.
The Lake Superior Slaughter of Iroquois Invaders:
Here is an account from the 1790s by John Macdonell at the end of which is a brief mention of a large Iroquois war party. The island is located in Lake Superior and not Lake Nipissing –
The incident probably dates to the 1650s or 1660s when the Iroquois (the Five Nations or Haudenosaunee) were at the height of their power. It was control of the fur supply that drew them from their home territory on the south shore of Lake Ontario.
See here for a recounting by Alexander Henry from his Travels and Adventures 1760-1776 of a similar Lake Superior slaughter of Iroquois invaders. However, it occurs, not on an island, but on what is now named Iroquois Point on the Michigan side near Sault Sainte Marie.
The Georgian Bay Slaughter of Iroquois Invaders:
Peter Jones, an Ojibwe born and raised near what is now Burlington, Ontario in the early 1800s recounts yet another version of this story. In his The History of the Ojebway Indians (published 1861) he tells of the start of the ultimately successful Ojibwe counter-offensive against the Iroquois in the second half of the 17th C.
The first attack they made was on an island on the south shore of Lake Huron. There they fell on a large body of the Nahdoways, who had been dancing and feasting for several nights, and were so exhausted as to have sunk into a profound sleep the night on which they were killed. The island is called Pequahkoondebaymenis, that is, skull island, from the number of skulls left on it. In one of my tours to the north I visited this island, and lodged on it for a night. (p. 112. Access a copy of his book here.)
“Nahdoways” was the Ojibwe term for the Iroquois and its uncomplimentary meaning of “big snake” makes clear the nature of the relationship between the two. Not clear is which island Jones is referring to since the name he mentions is no longer in use.
Three separate incidents of invading Iroquois being slaughtered on an island – or the same incident with places changed to those more familiar to the teller and listeners of the story? It highlights the issue of the reliability of “oral tradition”.
For more on the conflict between the Anishinaabeg (i.e. the Ojibwe and other Algonkian-speaking peoples) and the Iroquois in the mid to late 1600s, this paper is an excellent introduction –
The next day we would visit the single largest pictograph site on the French River and it too would be connected to a story about Iroquois raiders.
Heading South Through Canoe Pass
Canoe Pass is a narrow 600-meter channel along the west side of Burnt Island. To us it represented the end of Lake Nipissing paddle and the start of our trip down the French River system to Georgian Bay. [You could argue that the French River actually begins at the bottom of the Chaudière Falls but see here for a map from the Ontario Govt’s topo website. ] At both ends of Canoe Pass are signs telling motorboats to reduce their speed. Given that it was a Thursday afternoon in mid-June we were not expecting much traffic!
At the south end of the channel, we stopped to examine more closely the vertical rock face on the west end of Burnt Island. While the hope is always that we will find a pictograph or two, the fact is that they are actually fairly scarce on the French and, in any case, the entire surface of this particular rock face was covered with moss and lichen. So – nothing to see; move along!
It was only 2:30 when we came through Canoe Pass. Since we wanted to keep our visit to the Kennedy island pictograph site until the next morning, we switched into campsite hunting mode. The Friends of French River map has all of the French River Provincial Park campsites indicated; we were close to a couple of them – 104 and 105.
First, we checked out campsite 105; it looked fine. But just to make sure we didn’t pass up on an even better one, we did paddle over to CS104 to see what it was like. A quick look and it was back 500 meters to the first one!
By 3:30 we had both our tent and the bug tent up and we were chillin’ on the rock outcrop on the water’s edge with our freshly brewed cups of coffee.
Day 2 had been an easy day with no drama; we were looking forward to the next morning’s visit to the Kennedy island pictograph site and then the 15-km. paddle down to the Portage Channel hydro-electric dam. It would be there that we would face the trip’s single longest portage, the 600-meter carry around the dam.