The Kathmandu Valley & Its UNESCO Cultural Heritage Sites

Last Revised: July 1, 2018.

Nepal and Kathmandu are in the news this week for the worst of reasons, a catastrophe at once unimaginable and yet recurring. The Years 1255 and  1934 saw similar earthquakes severely rattle the country’s foundations and then too its mountainsides and some of its rich architectural legacy collapsed on top of a stoic people who did not have much to begin with.

Update: June 16th saw the reopening of six of the seven UNESCO World Heritage sites as Nepal tries to revive its tourism industry. It annually hosts some 800,000 visitors, 85% of whom are coming for the country’s cultural attractions and the other 15%  the trekking possibilities. See here for a related news article.

Kathmandu- rickshaw drivers at rest by the Trailokya Mohan Narayan Temple

before the 2015 earthquake …Kathmandu- rickshaw drivers at rest by the Trailokya Mohan Narayan Temple

It has almost been a decade since my last visit to Nepal and the Kathmandu Valley but it is never far from my mind.  Laila and I spent three memorable weeks there in October of 1996, mostly in the Kathmandu Valley and the Pokhara area.  In 2006 I would return for  six weeks of trekking – three weeks in the Annapurnas and three in the Mount Everest region.  And before, after, and in between the two treks I got to explore once more the cultural treasures of  Kathmandu and the towns nearby.

But now this. The temple in the above photo is now a pile of rubble, just one of the thousands of buildings destroyed in a few minutes on April 25. Aftershocks have added to the damage and severely rattled the people’s confidence in sleeping inside –

A.P . photo of Kathmandu's Trailokya Mohan Narayan Temple after the quake

Associated Press  photo of Kathmandu’s Trailokya Mohan Narayan Temple after the quake

Here is a web-sourced image which I labelled to indicate the extent of damage in Kathmandu’s Durbar Square –

Kathmandu post-earthquake 2015 Durbar Square Kathmandu post-earthquake 2015

Kathmandu post-earthquake 2015 Durbar Square with three collapsed temples

October of 2016 was to be my return to the valley to reacquaint myself with an enchanting city and a welcoming people that may be at the top of all the places I have ever visited.  While that plan is now on hold,  Nepal will remain in my thoughts as its people rebuild their homes and roads and the temples which are an essential part of a culture in which religion is still a living force.

Swayambhunath- bottom of steps up to the stupa

Swayambhunath- bottom of the steps leading up to the stupa

This everyday faith of theirs and their own efforts,  coupled with the generous aid of friends from outside the country, will hopefully mean that in a decade from now Nepal will be back on its feet and welcoming trekking adventurers and those who would like to see for themselves one of the world’s most amazing expressions of human culture, the Hindu-Buddhist world of the Kathmandu Valley and points beyond.

steps to the Bagmati from Pashupatinath Temple, one of the Hindu world's five major Shiva shrines

before the quake –  pilgrims on the steps to the Bagmati River from Pashupatinath Temple, one of the Hindu world’s major shrines

Buried all these years on a series of computer hard drives have been a few hundred jpgs image files of the Kathmandu Valley.  News of the earthquake led me to dig them up and look at them again. What I hope to do in the next few posts, other than contrast the Kathmandu that was with the one that is now, is show what it is that makes the Kathmandu Valley so special.

Pashupatinath Temple steps and cremations on other bank of the Bagmati

April 2015 – web-sourced pic of Pashupatinath Temple steps and cremations on other bank of the Bagmati River

Geography and history have made the Kathmandu Valley a cultural treasure acknowledged by people the world over. The United Nations and its program of World Heritage Sites has designated seven different sites, all within a few kilometers of each other, for special mention.  Beginning with Kathmandu itself, they are:

1. Kathmandu’s Durbar Square – 1000 Nepal Rupee entry fee ($10. U.S.)

2. the stupa at Bodhnath (sometimes spelled Boudhanath) –  250 NR

3. the Shiva Temple Complex at  Pashupatinath – 1000 NR

4. the stupa at Swayambhunath – 1000 NR

5. Durbar Square in Patan – 1000 NR

6. Durbar Square in Bhaktapur – 1500 NR

7. the Changu Narayan Temple on the road to Nagarkot – 300 NR

Kathmandu Valley - UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Kathmandu Valley – UNESCO World Heritage Sites


An excellent book for background and inspiration is Power Places of Kathmandu (1995) , a 130-page coffeetable-sized book with incredible photos by Kevin Bubriski and insightful – and readable-  text by Keith Dowman.

See here for a link to the UNESCO web page on the Kathmandu Valley.

Post-April 25, 2015, the question I had been asking is this – What is the best way I can help Nepal?

Of all the answers to the question that I have seen,  this one in an article by Doug Saunders in the Globe & Mail was the most clearly reasoned. It was also based on his experience with the Sri Lanka tsunami relief operation.   Click on the link below to see what he says –

Want to help Nepal? Follow these five rules of disaster charity

A few years ago, I recall donating to the Shelterbox organization for the Haiti disaster.  This time I have taken Saunders’ advice and gone with one of the agencies he mentions.

Next post  –  Swayambhunath – Buddha Eyes Over Kathmandu.

Swayambhunath - birds of stupa

Swayambhunath – birds on the  stupa’s dome

See also –

The Boudhanath Stupa – The Heart Of Nepal’s Tibetan Community

Nepal’s Kathmandu Valley: The Temples of Bhaktapur

Nepal’s Kathmandu Valley – The Temples of Patan (Lalitpur)

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Your comments and questions are always appreciated, as are any suggestions on how to make this post more useful to future travellers. Just drop me a line or two!

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